Ron Drzewucki has been a professional numismatist since 1984 and a member of Professional Numismatists Guild (PNG) since 1995. He has for years been a dealer "known as having a superb eye for coins" and "has the experience and discriminating eye to make those important distinctions between grades", according to the Numismatic Guaranty Corporation's newsletter. Ron ran a successful company dealing in certified rare coins and modern coins before joining Numismatic Guaranty Corporation (NGC) in January of 2005.. Grading rare, silver, and gold vintage coins are Ron's specialty. Ron was with NGC for 7 years, and was a shareholder for 6 years before selling his shares in May, 2012.
Are “Raw” Coins a Raw Deal?
The roll of “unsearched” Ike dollars you bought on eBay.
A mint set still in its blister pack.
That 1909-S VDB Lincoln Wheat cent in a 2” x 2” flip at the coin shop, with “MS-69” written on it with a blue ballpoint pen.
These are all what we call “raw” coins.
If you’re new to the hobby, you may wonder why we refer to certain coins as “raw”, like they were fresh meat (I guess they can be, if you’re a particularly ravenous collector).
I can’t speak for how the word was used before I started collecting, or if it was used at all. If you know, feel free to share. But a little over a generation ago, in the late 1970s through the mid to late ‘80s, the hobby changed radically with the rise of encapsulation and third party grading.
ANACS, PCGS, NGC - you know the names. I used to work for NGC myself as a finalizer at NGC. The “finalizer” is the man or woman who makes the final call on what grade a coin gets, usually after two or sometimes three other graders have given their opinions. Whatever the finalizer says is the grade that goes on the label.
And maybe that gives you a hint as to why third party grading services came to dominate the industry. Think back to that 1909-S VDB with the grade written on it. Who wrote that? Who gave it that grade (MS-69 in our case) - the dealer you’re buying it from? Maybe. But if you think about it, you don’t really know. YOU didn’t witness the very moment that the coin was “graded”, did you?
Those are a lot of questions for what can sometimes be an expensive proposition. If you’re an investor, then you know the difference between risk and uncertainty. You can buy a rare coin and take the risk that the market will tank. The greater the risk, the bigger the potential payoff. Uncertainty, however, is when you don’t even know what risks you’re taking. You might get lucky, but that’s no way to “invest”, right?
Not that you have to be an investor to appreciate what third party grading did, but it’s probably no coincidence that TPGs (third party graders) came around right when Wall Street got really interested in coins. At any rate, TPGs performed a real service for the hobby by taking uncertainty out of the picture - or at least making it a much smaller part of the picture.
Of course, there are those who object to putting coins in plastic or even the way the TPGs grade. Take ancient coins, for example. Lots of collectors of ancient coins believe that literally holding history in your hand is what it’s all about, so putting that history in holders defeats the purpose.
Other people, in some foreign markets, are still unfamiliar with the very idea of encapsulation, so “market penetration” is far less extensive than in the United States.
And yes, more casual collectors--including kids and other budding numismatists--may not have the money to submit coins for grading or even care.
So if you don’t happen to belong to one of these groups, are there any good reasons to buy a “raw” coin over an “encapsulated” one?
One thing to keep in mind is that ALL coins start out “raw”. It’s an absurdity to think of coins leaving the various branch mints in hard plastic holders. If you could, in fact, spend them that way, it’s really a different form of money. Ever hear of encased postage stamps? During the Civil War, there was a shortage of coins in the Union. One enterprising major in the Kentucky infantry named John Gault (really!) came up with the idea of encasing postage stamps (which had been monetized by the federal government) in brass. The resulting encased postage looked like a coin and could be used like one.
That’s kinda what using encapsulated coins as money reminds me of.
Anyway, when you receive change or buy coins from the Mint, they come to you raw. Even when they come dressed up in beautiful, sturdy crushed velvet cases that open and shut with a crisp little “snap”, that original government packaging still counts as “raw”. For one thing, the coin’s not graded (it came to you regardless of condition). For another, you can touch it with your bare hands. These seem to be the key to “rawness”.
As a matter of fact, while the Treasury Department and the U.S. Mint took forever to warm up to the secondary (collector) market for their products, other mints around the world are even less welcoming of encapsulation. A foreign producer like the Austrian Mint, for example, ships their coins in exquisite, sophisticated packaging, replete with cases and slipcovers. They put a lot of care and effort into the design of a total package, and don’t understand why anyone would want to remove a coin from that setting and lock it up in generic plastic.
So that would be the most outstanding reason to buy (or keep) your coins raw: original government packaging has an aesthetic value all its own.
And in the case of, say,