Where did the word “numismatics” come from? First documented as an English word in the early part of the 1800s, this word derived from a French adjective, numismatiques, which means "of coins." In turn, that word came from the Latin word for “coin.” The meaning of the word gets even more interesting when the Latin word gets traced back to the original Greek that it was borrowed from. After some iterations, the word came from the Greek nemō, or "I dispense or divide."

Numismatic

Collector Basics: New Orleans Mint authorized in 1835

Editor’s note: This is one in a series of Coin World Collector Basics posts on facilities under the U.S. Mint’s jurisdiction.

The New Orleans Mint was authorized by Congress on March 3, 1835.

The cornerstone of the original three-story structure was put in place in September 1835. Construction was completed in 1838, with operations beginning March 8.

The first coinage consisted of 1838-O Seated Liberty dimes. The $40,242 face value in dime production represented the entire coinage output for the 1838 calendar year.

The state of Louisiana took control of coinage production on Jan. 31, 1861, using the same staff that was employed under federal control. On March 31, 1861, control of the facility and its coinage operations was seized by the Confederate States of America and remained under their control until close on May 31, 1861.

With Union troops recapturing New Orleans on May 1, 1862, control of the New Orleans Mint returned to federal authority.

The facility official reopened its doors on Oct. 23, 1876, as a U.S. Assay Office.

Coinage production resumed in 1879, and ceased for the final time in 1909.

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Community Comments

Numismatics is about more than just coins.

While many people use numismatics as a general term to refer only to the study of coins, this word actually refers to the study of all kinds of money. As such, it includes the study of coins and also paper bills, tokens, and other related objects that have been used as currency by various people throughout history, as well as noncurrency items like medals. Some kinds of money used at different points in history might surprise novice numismatists; for example, a culture might have used shells as a currency. 

Barter, or the trade of objects and services for other objects and services, has long been used in the marketplace and continues today. In some cases, the line between barter and currency still provides a topic of debate, but in most cases, articles about numismatics cover subjects like coins and paper money. Numismatics might become easier to comprehend by understanding the numismatic values of coins and paper money, and this refers to the value of a coin or note that is higher than the intrinsic or face value. In other words, this could also be called the collectible value. For example, a historical gold coin has an inherent value that is based upon its bullion value. It may also have a face value, or the actual value of the money assigned by the country that produced it. However, that same coin might be worth much more than the gold or the face value because it is rare, historically significant, beautiful, and/or designed by a famous artist.

Ultimately, understanding numismatics really depends upon understanding the nature of money. In the past, money might have been shells, gems, or precious metals. Today, most societies rely upon coins and paper money, but in this digital age, even that has begun to change as billions of dollars get exchanged every day electronically without the need for physical currency. Even more revolutionary, there are new digital currencies that have never been based upon any nation's physical currency. As it has in the past, it is likely that the study of numismatics will continue to evolve as currency evolves.