In a study of European colonization around the globe, and of Africa
in particular, the efforts of the British, French and Germans become
The exploits of the Danish foray into Africa, however, might get overlooked.
A rare gold coin in Bruun Rasmussen Auctioneer’s May 9 auction is a
reminder of the Danish efforts of colonialization in what is now Ghana.
The gold 2-ducat coin issued for Christiansborg, Guinea (modern-day
Ghana), is an extremely rare issue. It highlights what the auction
firm calls an outstanding collection of Danish West Indies and similar
coins, from private collector Ulrik Lauridsen.
The Danish Gold Coast is a collective name for the African Gold
Coast colonies that Denmark and Norway controlled (roughly,
present-day southeast Ghana).
The nations colonized the area under indirect rule by the Danish
West India Company (a chartered company) and later as a crown colony
of the kingdom of Denmark-Norway.
The Danish West India-Guinea Company administered the settlements
of Fort Christiansborg and Carlsborg (Cape Castle) from 1674 to 1755,
covering the period under which this rare gold coin was issued.
The 1704 double ducat shows Danish King Frederik IV on the obverse,
and the fortress of Christiansborg in Guinea on the reverse. The fort
now serves as the center of Ghana’s government.
The coin was struck in Copenhagen for use in the colony.
It is cataloged as Friedberg 243 by Gold Coins of the World
by Arthur L. and Ira S. Friedberg.
An example of the same design, graded Good Extremely Fine, realized
a hammer price of £5,200 ($8,249 U.S.) during A.H. Baldwin’s Sept. 29,
This example previously sold in Fritz Rudolph Künker’s auction No.
171 on June 24, 2010, for a hammer price of €7,250 ($7,908 U.S.).
Graded as Extremely Fine, the coin offered by Bruun
Rasmussen has an estimate of €6,750 ($7,171 U.S.).