Editor's note: This is the second part of a series about maps on coins and coins shaped like maps. The story originally appears in the March issue of Coin World Monthly.
From ancient times to the present day, maps are a fixture on coinage.
Where coins with maps once offered information vital for defense or staking out control, today maps more likely represent a subtle reflection of a nation’s borders.
With euro coinage, the common reverse designs showcase various maps of Europe, some highlighting the eurozone (the area using the Euro), and its respective place in the world.
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When euro coin production began in 1999, three common designs were created for all eight denominations.
The 1-, 2-, and 5-cent coins show Europe in relation to the rest of the world.
The design used from 1999 to 2007 on the 10-, 20-, and 50-cent coins showed the outline of each of the 15 EU member states. Each state was shown as separate from the others, thus giving Europe the appearance of an archipelago. EU member states outside the eurozone (the United Kingdom, Sweden, and Denmark) were also depicted. Non-EU states were not depicted.
The design for the 1999 to 2007 €1 and €2 coins shows a more cohesive landmass, though with borders still visible.
In 2007, the national sides of the euro coins were changed to reflect the expansion of the European Union.
The new map designs were optional for 2007 for all countries except for Slovenia, which was required to use the new design. The new maps were mandatory for all countries beginning in 2008.
The design for the three smallest denominations remained unchanged, but the map of the 15 states on the 10-, 20- and 50-cent coins was replaced by one showing the whole of Europe as a continent, without borders, to stress unity. The other common design used for euro coins, appearing on the €1 and €2 coins, shows a map of Europe standing out from the rest of the globe, in a design very similar to the 2007 map design on the 10-, 20- and 50-cent coins.
For the designs that debuted in 2007, however, production demands required some modification or distortion of the maps.