The old question of “paper or plastic” is getting a bit complicated
in one Eastern European enclave.
The breakaway state of Transnistria (also called Trans-Dniestr or
Transdniestria) in eastern Moldova on the Ukrainian border is now
circulating “composit” or composite coins, according to the Trans-Dniester
Four denominations, 1-, 3-, 5- and 10-rubles, were released Aug. 22.
Each of the coins is a different geometric shape and color.
Transnistria is located mostly between the River Dniester and the
eastern Moldovan border with Ukraine. Since 1991, Russian troops have
been stationed there supporting the population, which is composed
mostly of Ukrainians and Russians, but with a sizeable ethnic Moldovan minority.
The republic is not recognized by United Nations member states, but
has its own government and national symbols, including postage and currency.
The obverse of each coin shows a famous Russian individual, with a
similar diamond-grid pattern on the reverse of each coin, the
denomination and color being the only difference.
The round 1-ruble coin is yellow-brown and measures 26 millimeters
in diameter. The coin shows Alexander V. Suvorov, a military leader
famed for never losing a battle despite being constantly outnumbered.
The rounded-square 3-ruble coin is green and also has a diameter of
26 millimeters. Pictured on the 3-ruble coin is Franz Pavlovich De
Volan, a military engineer serving Suvorov. De Volan helped plan the
city of Odessa, where a museum is named after him.
Pyotr A. Rumyantsev-Zadunaisky, one of the great Russian generals,
who served during the reign of Catherine II (the Great), appears on
the 5-ruble coin. The pentagonal 5-ruble coin is blue and measures 28
millimeters in diameter from top to bottom.
Catherine the Great appears on the reddish-orange 10-ruble coin,
which is hexagonal (six-sided) in shape. It also measures 28
millimeters in diameter, from opposite vertices.
One U.S. dollar is equivalent to about 11 rubles in Transnistria.
No information about the coins’ weights or mintages was available
from a Bank spokesperson, who referred to a specific page
on the bank website to answer all questions, including what
materials compose the composite used in the coins.