Recently I had the opportunity to travel to Oxford University,
England, to present my research at an ethics conference there. When I
visit a new place, I try to purchase a coin from that area as a
At my hotel I asked where to find a coin shop and was directed to
“Antiques on High,” operated by numismatist Roger Box.
I bought a wonderfully rainbow-toned Uncirculated fourpence of Henry
VI, issued during his reign of 1422 to 1430 from the Calais Mint. The
coin has a clip, so it likely cannot be professionally encapsulated.
But at £120 (about $190), I just couldn’t resist.
Henry VI (1421 to 1471) was king for 40 years, ascending in 1422
while still an infant.
He was known for his peaceful, pious ways — punctuated by bouts of
insanity leading to his downfall.
My Henry VI coin is hammered. A minter placed a planchet on top of a
bottom die and then struck the upper die with a hammer to create
images on both sides of the coin.
Hammered coins were often clipped because they lacked reeded edges,
which evolved with machine-minted coins.
Buying the coin at Antiques on High brought another bonus — getting
to know Roger Box.
Roger was a schoolboy in the mid-1960s when Britain was building its
modern motorway system.
“I lived in a small village next to a massive interchange
construction site,” he said. He and other children were encouraged to
explore the “vast spoil heaps” coming to the surface — “impossible
today due to health and safely concerns” — to see what they could
find. That’s how he built up his collection “consisting mainly of
Roman pottery and coins,” he notes. “As a result of this I’ve been a
keen coin collector ever since.”
Roger can trace his ancestral lines back to the Wessex area of Saxon
England and on back to Malmesbury, a small Saxon borough in Wiltshire.
That’s the place where Aethelstan (924 to 939), the first king of
“all England,” is buried.
“Unfortunately these are some of the rarest coins in the world
because so few were minted, and those that were, were subsequently
melted or used to pay off the Vikings in the 10th century,” he said.
Roger’s collection consists of silver pennies from various mints from
throughout Aethelstan’s kingdom. His rarest coins are pennies
depicting King Harold (1034 to 1040) and Edward the Confessor (1042 to
1066), both from the Malmesbury Mint.
I love British coins because they come with stories and histories.
While my travel to Oxford, England was in the 21st century, my Henry
VI coin helps me time-travel through the portal of our hobby.
Michael Bugeja, a coin collector since childhood, is a professor at
Iowa State University and also a member of the Citizens Coinage
Advisory Committee. He is a nationally known author, journalist and educator.