Designs and themes for several circulating commemorative €2 coins
have been unveiled or confirmed.
National mints and central banks in recent weeks have announced
plans to celebrate a variety of themes on the coin, the only
circulating coin with a design that can change annually in every
nation in the eurozone, the group of 17 nations that issues euro coins.
Belgium, Italy, France, Malta, Portugal, San Marino and the
Vatican City join a list that already includes Germany, Luxembourg and
Spain issuing specially themed coins for 2012, not counting a
eurozone-wide program to mark the euro currency’s 10th anniversary in 2012.
Poet Giovanni Pascoli, a representative figure of Italian
literature from the late 19th century, is featured on Italy’s 2012
circulating €2 coin, which was released April 23.
Born in 1855 in San Mauro di Romagna (which was later renamed for
him), the famous scholar was beset by tragedy at a young age, which
would later factor in his work. The coin marks the centennial of his
death in 1912.
The obverse of the coin, showing a bust of the poet with his name
and the years 1912 and 2012, was designed by Maria Carmela Colaneri.
The ri monogram represents the Italian republic.
Fifteen million coins are being issued.
Belgium marks the 75th anniversary of the Queen Elisabeth Music
Competition, an annual international musical competition that rotates
between vocals, piano, violin and composition.
The €2 coin shows the emblem of the Queen Elisabeth Competition
superimposed over the effigy of Queen Elisabeth, in left profile,
flanked by the mintmaster mark at the left and the Mint mark at the
right, the latter a helmeted head of the Archangel Michael. Above the
effigy are the years 1937-2012, and below it is the inscription QUEEN
A total of 5 million coins will be issued in May. No designer
information was available.
The city of Guimarães in northern Portugal is the theme for
Portugal’s circulating commemorative €2 coin for 2012.
The city has been dubbed the European capital of culture for 2012;
the coin depicts the first Portuguese king and his sword, and the
Castle of Guimarães, which is considered the place where Portugal
started in the 12th century as an independent nation.
The coin was designed by Jose de Guimarães, an internationally
known artist from the city.
A total of 520,000 coins is due to be released in June.
France is honoring on a €2 coin the birth centennial of Abbé
Pierre, who is famous as protector of the poor.
The coin shows a portrait of Pierre, wearing a beret. The logo of
his foundation is superimposed over a square bearing the microtext
reading ET LES AUTRES? (which was his favorite motto, translating to
“And others?”), recalling that one should never forget to help others,
is to the right of the portrait.
Also on the obverse are the letters rf (for “République
Française”) together with the horn of plenty, Mint mark of Monnaie de
Paris on the left side, and the fleurette hallmark of the engraving
workshop on the right side. No designer information was available.
A mintage of 1 million coins is due for release sometime in July.
A €2 commemorative coin relating to Malta’s constitutional history
will be the second in a five-year series.
The 2012 design will mark the 125th anniversary of majority
representation, which began in 1887. According to the Central Bank of
Malta, the coin will be issued in September.
Gianni Bonnici designed the obverse, which shows a crowd of people
gathered in the foreground, with a building in the background.
A total of 400,000 coins will be released, according to the bank.
The 7th World Meeting of the Families is the subject of the €2
coin from the Vatican City.
The coin features a family with the Cathedral of Milan in the
background. No designer information is available.
In total, 115,000 coins are to be released, at a date that has not
yet been determined.
If the design for San Marino’s coin looks familiar, there is good
reason: the coin features the same design that 17 eurozone members
have issued or will issue as part of a joint program to mark 10 years
of the euro currency.
The euro symbol is surrounded by other design elements from the
financial world, industry, energy and more.
San Marino is one three nations (with Monaco and the Vatican City)
to issue euro coins per agreements with the European Union as a link
to when they issued legacy currencies before the euro was adopted a
decade ago. These three nations, which are non-EU members, do not
officially participate in the joint programs such as the 2012
anniversary issue but do officially issue euro coins.
San Marino will issue 130,000 coins in May.
All €2 coins are ringed bimetallic pieces with a copper-nickel
ring and nickel-brass center; each weighs 8.5 grams and measures 25.75
millimeters in diameter. All €2 coins feature the 12 stars of Europe
in the ring surrounding a central common design. ■