US Coins

Week of April 4 to 10

Highlights of the week of April 4 to 10 include formation of American Numismatic Society, promotion of Fred Smillie at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing, the death of Grover Criswell and the birth of Raphael Thian.

Events this week include:

April 4

1793, coinage of Flowing Hair, Wreath cents begins at Philadelphia Mint; 1794, George Washington signs Albion Cox’s commission as first assayer of the Mint; 1863, New York State Supreme Court opinion delivered at Rochester sustains the constitutionality of legal tender notes; 1863, ten penny nails circulate at five cents in Augusta, Ga.; 1864, American Numismatic & Archaeological Society-sponsored coinage display opens at New York’s Metropolitan Sanitary Fair; 1899, H.K. Solberg files for patent for his medal design of Martin Luther.

April 5

1830, Confederate Treasury and currency scholar Raphael P. Thian born; 1867, Brooklyn Daily Eagle reports both American and National Bank Note Companies will display at the Paris Exposition; 1966, Congress approves national medal for American Numismatic Association’s diamond jubilee 75th anniversary; 1983, Patent 4378876 issued to Bela Szabo and Dean Hirschfield for coin holder display assemblies.

April 6

1754, Henry Bilson Legge becomes British chancellor of the Exchequer; 1858, dozen men adopt Constitution for American Numismatic and Archeological Society, later the American Numismatic Society; 1890, correspondent of Brooklyn Daily Eagle excoriates "the freak with a broken neck and a cap on a pole who has so long afflicted our silver"; 2002, Chicago Coin Club holds 1,000th meeting.

April 7

1864, James Gallatin reports to New York State Committee on Banks on federal government funding of loans; 1874, William Harvey Strobridge offers collection of Daniel E. Groux at public sale; 1898, Baltimore dealer George W. Massamore dies; 1932, U.S. Senate debate on reconstruction measures discusses wooden money issued in Tenino, Wash.

April 8

1814, first bank notes delivered to Netherlands Bank; 1919, G.F.C. Smillie appointed to superintendent of Picture Engravers at BEP; 1954, Stack’s auction of George L. Davis Collection begins; 1987, American artist James Boggs charged with four counts of forgery and counterfeiting of Bank of England notes; 1999, Confederate, Southern states paper money authority Col. Grover C. Criswell Jr. dies of heart attack.

April 9

1796, Philadelphia Mint coins initial 1,800 Draped Bust quarter dollars; 1844, Adam Eckfeldt informs John A. McAllister Jr. that the 1792 half dismes were struck expressly for George Washington to the extent of $100; 1937, Medallic Art Co. presents Augustus Saint-Gaudens plaquette by John Flanagan to attendees at company’s "Sculptors Dinner"; 1946, Swiss entrepreneurs begin coining chocolate taken from World War II Army reserves.

April 10

1793, Mint Chief Coiner Henry Voigt delivers to Mint Treasurer 6,000 cents; 1816, Congress authorizes loan to fund its subscription to Second Bank of the United States shares; 1817, Harmony (Pa.) Institute circulates fractional scrip; 1883, John Haseltine sells Harold Newlin silver coin collection.

Fred Reed has been a collector and writer for many years. If you have additions or comments, you can reach him at or P.O. Box 118162, Carrollton, TX 75011-8162 and include a self-addressed, stamped envelope.

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