US Coins

VAM-58 1878-S dollar

As the author of the booklet Long Nock: A Guide to the 1878-S B1 Reverse Varieties, it is natural that the dollars of this group are of particular interest to me.

I recently examined two VAM-58 1878-S Morgan dollars. First reported by Jeff Oxman in April 1995, the variety is now listed in the fourth edition of the Comprehensive Catalog and Encyclopedia of Morgan & Peace Dollars by Leroy Van Allen and A. George Mallis. It is one of the nine marriages produced from the initial delivery of dies to the San Francisco Mint in April 1878. They are most readily identified by the long end or “nock” of the arrow shaft in the center of the eagle’s talons.

The VAM-58 variety of 1878-S Morgan dollar is identified by a bold spike protruding from the front of Liberty’s eye. It is actually localized tripling of the die, which is also evident above the eyelid, in the letters of LIBERTY and inside her ear. A typical example has experienced moderate to heavy circulation, masking some of the finer details.

A side-by-side comparison of well-preserved examples reveals the marriage’s progression. At least three distinct stages of the obverse die exist. Fairly early in their life, the dies clashed and were repolished. Examples without clash marks are, naturally, the earlier stage.

A strong inverted V-shaped clash mark is found between the eyelid and the aforementioned bold spike at the intermediate “post-clash” stage.

Later, the obverse developed a strong diagonal crack through the date. This appears to be its terminal stage.

The reverse also is seen with or without clash marks, depending on when it was struck. The clashed and repolished version is the usual stage encountered.

After the distinctive obverse was retired, this particular long nock reverse was also employed for the VAM-56 mintage. Seeing how a piece fits within a progression is much like playing with a jigsaw puzzle. It’s gratifying to be able to see a little more of the picture as it forms.

John Roberts is director of attribution services for ANACS. He is a longtime collector of Morgan dollar varieties and is considered an expert in attributing Morgan varieties.

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