Varieties Notebook column from Aug, 17, 2015,
weekly issue of Coin World:
Prior to 1990, Mint marks were hand punched into working dies,
sometimes more than once, using a hand-held punch and a mallet.
If the punch moved between taps of the mallet, a doubled, tripled,
or even quadrupled Mint mark resulted. The Mint mark could also appear
in varying locations.
Beginning in 1990 for cents and 5-cent coins and 1991 for other
denominations, the Mint mark was applied to the master die and not the
individual working dies.
Soon, it became part of the master design, stabilizing the Mint mark
location, and eliminating repunched Mint marks.
Paul Funaiole submitted a 1941-D/D Jefferson 5-cent coin variety
that I have listed as 1941-D 5¢ WRPM-001. It shows a D/D Southeast.
With RPM varieties, the direction given is the direction one must
travel to get from the primary (stronger) Mint mark punch to the
secondary (weaker) Mint mark punch. Combined Organizations of Numismatic Error
Collectors of America lists this as RPM #3. It is also
illustrated in The Cherrypickers’ Guide to Rare Die Varieties as
A 1943-P/P Jefferson 5-cent coin with a bold RPM variety was
submitted by David Mulberry. This one shows a P/P South with a fairly
wide separation to the punches. Because of the size of the Mint marks
on the wartime 5-cent coins, the RPM varieties are much easier to
spot. I list this one as 1943-P 5¢ WRPM-036 while CONECA lists it as
A very widely separated D/D East shows on a 1945-D Jefferson 5-cent
coin sent in by Eric Axtell. I list it as 1945-D 5¢ WRPM-030 while
CONECA lists it as RPM #14.
A 1943-D/D Winged Liberty Head dime submitted by Thomas McGowan
shows a very nice D/D South RPM variety that turned out to be a new
listing for my files. I now have it in my files as 1943-D 10¢ WRPM-014.