Business colleges were institutions whose purpose was to give their
students a good grounding in the various skills needed in the business
world, such as bookkeeping, accounting, handling deposits, and a
myriad of other day-to-day business skills.
A lot of the teaching techniques employed revolved around learning
by doing. As a result, many business colleges had “practice paper
money” printed that was used in the classroom when students were
learning about tasks that involved handling money. These notes looked
like paper money but usually included statements that they were for
use only in the classroom.
One such institution was Purdy’s College. The common wisdom is that
the school was located in Purdy, Tenn. As College Currency Money
for Business Training, the standard reference on college
currency, says: “Starting out as Purdy’s College in 1840, the school
name was changed to Purdy University in 1859. The Battle of Shiloh
during the Civil War almost totally destroyed the school. The
Methodist Church reinvigorated it shortly after the war ended and
maintained control until 1893. The town of Purdy is no more.”
And that’s been considered the final word for at least the last 20 years.
Recent research, however, puts the common wisdom into serious
question. In doing census record searches for a $1,000 note, I came
across a startling discovery when I was trying to run down “Wm. Purdy”
whose signature appears on many notes. Jack Vorhies, a noted Indiana
collector, had always insisted that Purdy was actually doing business
On a whim, I decided to chase that lead and found, indeed, that
William Purdy was first listed in the 1862 Indianapolis city directory
as principal of Bryant’s Commercial College. By the 1864 edition of
the city directory, Indianapolis had three business colleges,
including a listing for William Purdy, apparently on his own by now.
The name Purdy’s Business College debuted in the 1865 city directory,
with William Purdy listed as proprietor.
By 1867, the school had changed street locations and was now called
Purdy’s Actual Business College. The final entry appears in the 1871
R.L. Polk & Co. Indianapolis City Directory, which lists William
Purdy as the proprietor of Purdy’s Business College and, apparently a
relative, Judson Purdy as a teacher at the same institution. It just
so happens that “J. Purdy” is also a signature seen on some notes.
While none of the notes indicate the city or state of origin, I’ll
put my money on Indianapolis. How about you?