A medal in three metallic compositions is being privately issued in
2014 in conjunction with the 150th anniversary of the use of “In God
We Trust” on the nation’s coinage.
The motto first appeared on United States coinage with the 2-cent
coin in 1864.
The obverse and reverse designs of the high-relief medal were
sculptured by Donald Everhart II, a sculptor-engraver on the engraving
staff of the United States Mint in Philadelphia. The medal is a
The obverse features conjoined portraits of three figures prominent
in securing the motto’s use — the Rev. Mark R. Watkinson, Treasury
Secretary Salmon P. Chase, and James Pollock, two-time director of the
According to the U.S. Department of the Treasury website at
www.treasury.gov, “The motto IN GOD WE TRUST was placed on United
States coins largely because of increased religious sentiment existing
during the Civil War.”
Chase received numerous appeals from devout individuals, the first
recorded being a Nov. 13, 1861, letter from the Rev. Watkinson, from
Several years later, the Mint Act of April 22, 1864, changed the
composition of the cent coin and authorized the minting of the 2-cent
coin. Pollock was directed to develop the designs for these coins for
final approval by the Treasury secretary. During the design of the
2-cent coin, a motto was selected and placed on the adopted design.
The motto was placed on other denominations over the years, though it
was not until well into the 20th century that all denominations bore
A law passed by the 84th Congress and approved by President
Eisenhower on July 30, 1956, declared “In God We Trust” the national
motto of the United States.
The inscription IN GOD WE TRUST was first used on paper money in
1957, when it appeared on the $1 silver certificate. The first paper
currency bearing the motto entered circulation on Oct. 1, 1957.
Superimposed at the base of the conjoined portraits on the obverse
of the medal is a keystone within which appears the anniversary dates
1864 and 2014. Pennsylvania is known as “the Keystone State.”
Inscribed around the top border is HONORING 150 YEARS OF OUR
NATION’S MOTTO, with IN GOD WE TRUST along the bottom border.
On the reverse is an eagle atop a shield, with TWO CENTS on a ribbon
spanning two laurel branches. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is inscribed
around the top border.
Uram said he received approval from the U.S. Mint for the use of TWO
CENTS in the design.
The obverse is based on design elements and preliminary sketch from
a collaboration of Thomas Uram — who underwrote the development costs
for medal production and is a dedicated collector of 2-cent coins,
president of the Pennsylvania Association of Numismatists and member
of the Citizens Coinage Advisory Committee — and graphic artist Pamela Forcht.
The reverse reflects Everhart’s original design based on suggestions
from Uram and Forcht to use elements from the 2-cent coin design.
Northwest Territorial Mint is striking the 1.75-inch medal in brass
with a bronze finish, in copper, and in a 2-ounce .999 fine silver
version with 24-karat gold leaf accents.
The bronze-finish medal and copper medal are being offered at $19.95
each plus $4.95 shipping and handling, and the silver medal has a
beginning price of $149.95, plus $4.95 shipping and handling. Uram
said the price on the silver medal will fluctuate based on the spot
price of the precious metals.
Mintage for the bronze finish and copper versions will be unlimited.
Uram expects the silver version to have a mintage of no more than 500
pieces. Orders will be taken through the end of the year, Uram said.
Uram said March 17 that 25 of the silver medals had already been
struck without serial numbers on the edge, but subsequent medals may
carry an incuse serial number. There are no plans to edge number the
base metal versions, Uram said.
The medals are being offered online through the PAN website; the
We Trust Museum website; and the Key Enterprises site.
Mail orders also may be placed with Key Enterprises Inc., 1863
Mayview Road, Suite 101, Bridgeville, PA 15017, with checks payable to
Commemorative Medallions LLC.