Precious Metals

Britannia gold bullion program grows with three fractional sizes

The Britannia bullion program is growing again, by getting small.

The Royal Mint announced Oct. 30 that it was adding three fractional sizes to its gold Britannia bullion program — half-, quarter- and tenth-ounce coins.

Though already offered in Proof versions, those sizes have not been part of the bullion program, until now.

The move is the latest effort to wrest market position from the leading mints and bullion programs, including notably the American Eagle, the Canadian Maple Leaf and the Austrian Philharmonic, plus the Perth Mint’s gold Kangaroo program and silver Kookaburra coins. 

The expansion of the Britannia program follows the Royal Mint’s Sept. 22 announcement of a new bullion trading website, which unlike other mints allows customers of the Royal Mint to buy gold bullion coins directly. 


The new coin additions “will offer a choice of increments to customers looking for versatility and a more easily divisible portfolio,” according to the Royal Mint’s Oct. 30 announcement.

The new trading platform may be accessed 24 hours a day, 365 days a year in order to buy and sell bullion coins directly from the Royal Mint. With minimum order sizes, the Royal Mint will also store the coins in “The Vault,” at its site in Wales, in an effort to court buyers who are concerned about safety issues. 

The trading website provides constantly updated live prices for gold and silver at a rate linked to the current precious metal price.

As part of its Vault storage service, the Royal Mint guarantees to offer purchase or “buy” quotations from customers wanting to sell their coins, with the money being deposited in their account for withdrawal or further purchase. 

Collector Basics: What is a bullion coin?

The Britannia .9999 fine gold bullion coins feature the Ian Rank-Broadley effigy of Queen Elizabeth II on the obverse. The reverse shows the standard Philip Nathan design of a standing, windswept Britannia holding a trident in her right hand and an olive branch in her left hand.

The tenth-ounce £10 coin weighs 3.13 grams and measures 16.5 millimeters in diameter. The quarter-ounce £25 coin weighs 7.8 grams and measures 22 millimeters in diameter. The half-ounce £50 coin weighs 15.6 grams and measures 27 millimeters in diameter.

It is only since 2013 that Britannia coins have been struck from .999 fine silver or .9999 fine gold, another move meant to widen interest in the program. In 2013, the Royal Mint launched silver and gold Lunar Year coins, also in .999 fine silver and .9999 fine gold.

According to the Royal Mint, sales of gold bullion coins has increased in the United Kingdom after the coins were designated as exempt from Value Added Tax. The Britannia, Sovereign and Lunar bullion coins are also free from capital gains tax, according to the Royal Mint.

Britannia .9167 fine gold bullion coins were launched in 1987 in 1-ounce sizes, followed by the launch of Britannia 1-ounce .958 fine silver coins in 1997. Proof versions of both silver and gold series have been offered at various times, including fractional sizes. 

The Britannia design has also changed numerous times to try to sustain interest, but the irregularity of the design changes may have confused some buyers and collectors. 

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