The United States holds nearly 25 percent of the world's identified
gold reserves, based on the latest International Financial Statistics
from the International Monetary Fund or IMF.
took the statistical data and created a global map pinpointing the 18
countries and two institutions that control 88 percent of the world's
The statistics show that the United States holds 8,133.5 tons of
gold, or 24.79 percent of the world total. Germany is a distant second
with 3,381 tons, amounting to 10.3 percent, followed by France with
2,435.7 tons, 7.42 percent, to round out the top three countries.
Connect with Coin World:
The IMF's statistics indicate it controls 8.58 percent of the total
world reserves with holdings of 2,814 tons. The European Central Bank
holds 504.8 tons, or 1.54 percent of the world reserves.
The statistics do not include countries that have not reported their
reserves to the IMF over the past six months or that do not report
their holdings publicly.
Where does the U.S.
keep its gold?
The bulk of the U.S. gold reserves are held at the Fort Knox Gold
Bullion Depository in Kentucky under the protection of the United
Located approximately 30 miles southwest of Louisville, the United
States Bullion Depository, often simply referred to as just Fort Knox,
stores the majority of the monetary gold stocks of the U.S. in its vaults.
The facility is heavily fortified, with the nearby Army post
providing additional security beyond that of the Treasury Department.
The gold in the depository is in the form of standard Mint bars of
almost pure gold, or coin gold bars resulting from the melting of gold
coins. These bars are slightly smaller than an ordinary building
brick. The approximate dimensions are 7 inches by 3.625 inches by 1.75 inches.
Each bar roughly contains 400 troy ounces of gold each — an
avoirdupois weight of about 27.5 pounds.
Monthly status reports on U.S. government gold reserves are posted
by the Treasury's Department's Bureau of the Fiscal Service.