A Series 1891 $1,000 silver certificate, one of only two examples
known and the only example in private hands, has been reported sold in
a private transaction for a record $2.6 million.
Stack’s Bowers Galleries officials announced June 11 that the note
was one of five notes sold privately from a collection containing more
than 85 notes of various types, series and denominations.
The record-setting note is certified Very Fine 25 by Paper Money Guaranty.
The seller of the $2.6 million note and the buyer wish to remain
anonymous, according to Stack’s Bowers officials.
The transaction was “assisted and facilitated,” according to
Stack’s Bowers, by Sergio Sanchez Jr. from Sergio Sanchez Rare Coins
and Currency in Miami.
The remaining notes in the collection have been consigned to the
Stack’s Bowers auction to be held in conjunction with the American
Numismatic Association World’s Fair of Money in Rosemont, Ill., in August.
Stack’s Bowers officials declined to provide additional details on
the private sale of the four notes separate from the record-setting
note, other than to state that they were sold to multiple buyers,
whose identities were not disclosed. Prices for the four notes also
were not disclosed.
The record-setting note is illustrated in earlier editions of
Paper Money of the United States by Arthur L. Friedberg and Ira S.
Friedberg, where it is cataloged as Friedberg 346e. It bears serial
number E1433 followed by a stylized flourish, all in red ink, as is
the scalloped Treasury seal.
According to The Comprehensive Catalog of U.S. Paper Money by Gene
Hessler, the E1433 note was once in the collection of Texas newspaper
publisher Amon G. Carter Jr.
The only other example of Friedberg 346e is in the National
Numismatic Collection in the Smithsonian Institution’s Museum of
American History. The Smithsonian’s note is illustrated in color in
the current edition of the Friedberg book. The Smithsonian’s note
bears the serial number E1 followed by the flourish.
The Smithsonian’s Crisp Uncirculated note, the first Series 1891
$1,000 note printed by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing, became
part of the National Numismatic Collection in 1978 when it was
transferred from the Treasury Department, according to Smithsonian records.
Both known examples of Friedberg 346e notes bear the signatures of
James F. Tillman (signed J. Fount. Tillman) as register of the
Treasury and Daniel N. Morgan (signed D.N. Morgan) as treasurer of the
The face and back of Friedberg 346e were designed by bank note
engraver Thomas F. Morris, with various engravers generating the
various elements used on the face and back.
A rendition of Liberty, based on an original image that engraver
Charles Burt originally executed in 1877 for a $1,000 bond, appears on
the left of the face of Friedberg 346e.
G.F.C. Smillie re-engraved the Liberty portrait for the Series
1891 $1,000 note, according to Hessler.
On the right side of the Series 1891 note is a portrait of
American statesman William L. Marcy. The portrait of Marcy was
engraved by bank note engraver Charles Schlecht, according to Hessler.
According to Hessler, nonportrait engravers working on the note
were D.M. Cooper, J. Kennedy, S.B. Many, W. Ponickau and G.U. Rose Jr.
Marcy was born in Southbridge, Mass., and was a graduate of Brown
University. He served in public office from 1823 to 1829 as
comptroller of the state of New York; from 1829 to 1831 as an
associate justice on the New York Supreme Court; as U.S. senator from
New York in 1831 and 1832; as New York’s 11th governor from 1833 to
1839; as secretary of war from 1845 to 1849 under the presidential
administration of James K. Polk; and from 1853 to 1857 as secretary of
state under President Franklin Pierce.
Before entering state politics, Marcy served as a schoolteacher,
newspaper editor and more steadily, a lawyer.
During his stint in New York state politics, Marcy was the leading
member of the Albany Regency, a group of politicians who controlled
state politics between 1821 and 1838. Marcy also was adjutant-general
of the New York State Militia from 1821 to 1823.
In addition to the Series 1891 $1,000 silver certificates, Marcy’s
portrait also appears on $1,000 silver certificates of the 1878 and
The backs of all Series 1878 and 1880 $1,000 silver certificates
were printed in dark brown ink, but the back of the Series 1891 issue
was printed in green ink.
The 1891 back was engraved by Cooper, Rose, E.M. Hall, W.F. Lutz,
and R. Ponickau, according to Hessler.
In total, 8,000 of the Series 1891 $1,000 silver certificates were
reported to have been printed, with only 5,600 of the total officially
issued into circulation, according to Hessler. ■