Editor’s note: This is one in a series of Coin World Collector
Basics posts on facilities under the U.S. Mint’s jurisdiction.
Located approximately 30 miles southwest of Louisville, Ky., the United States Bullion Depository, often simply
referred to as just Fort Knox, stores the majority of the monetary
gold stocks of the United States in its vaults.
The facility is heavily fortified, with the nearby Army post
providing additional security beyond that of the Treasury Department.
The gold in the depository is in the form of standard Mint bars of
almost pure gold, or coin gold bars resulting from the melting of gold
coins. These bars are slightly smaller than an ordinary building
brick. The approximate dimensions are 7 inches by 3.625 inches by 1.75 inches.
Each bar roughly contains 400 troy ounces of gold each — an
avoirdupois weight of about 27.5 pounds.