Collector Basics: Dahlonega Mint part of United States gold coin history

Coin World introduces new collectors to facilities under U.S. Mint jurisdiction
By , Coin World
Published : 12/18/14
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Editor’s note: This is one in a series of Coin World Collector Basics posts on facilities under the U.S. Mint’s jurisdiction.

The Dahlonega Mint in Georgia was authorized in 1835, with construction completed in 1837. The Dahlonega Mint was established to accommodate the gold miners of northern Georgia and assist the Charlotte Mint in its competition with the Bechtlers’ North Carolina production.

The new mint's first gold coins were struck on April 21, 1838 — Classic Head $5 half eagles. Production of $2.50 gold quarter eagles was added the following year. Coronet gold dollars joined the production minx in 1849. The year 1854 was the sole year the Dahlonega Mint struck Indian Head gold $3 coins.

All of the coins struck at the facility bear a D Mint mark, as does the coinage of the Denver Mint. However, since the two facilities did not operate concurrently, the coin's date should help determine the origin of a coin with a D Mint mark.

Confederate troops seized control of the Dahlonega Mint on April 8, 1861. It is not known whether the small number of 1861-D Indian Head gold dollars in existence were struck under the control of the Confederacy, the state of Georgia or the federal government.

The Dahlonega Mint never reopened after the Civil War. The structure was donated to the state of Georgia for educational purposes. Reopened in 1873 as the main building for North Georgia College, the structure was destroyed by fire five years later.

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