Most well known Australian rarity among highlights of April 23 auction

1930 bronze penny to appear in International Auction Galleries sale in Queensland
By , Coin World
Published : 04/02/16
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Though it is not the rarest Australian coin, the 1930 penny has attained legendary status. 

One of the more “affordable” examples of this key date in the Australian series highlights sale No. 83 for International Auction Galleries, scheduled for April 23 in Queensland. 

The example is graded Good Fine to About Very Fine according to the firm and carries an estimate of $17,000 to $17,500 Australian (about $13,092 to $13,477 U.S.).

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The example offered April 23 has a “nice strong reverse, and good rim” and is “a better than average example of this rare key date issue.”

Australia’s bronze 1930 penny has gained both notoriety and popularity for its uncertain history. 

“The 1930 penny is undoubtedly Australia’s most well-known rare coin,” wrote Andrew Crellin in the June 2002 issue of the Australasian Coin & Banknote magazine. “Its rarity has reached an urban myth-like status, yet even the sharpest numismatic historian will not be able to precisely explain just why so few were minted,” Crellin wrote.

The general public became aware of the scarcity of the 1930 penny, and the coin became the object of frequent coin searches, write Tom Hanley and Bill James in Collecting Australian Coins.

“... The back-pocket bonanza that has brought people to coin collecting in Australia like Barnum & Bailey brought them to the circus,” the authors write. “Even if it has never made all the people look at their change all the time, the 1930 penny makes some of us do it all the time and all of us do it at some time.”

Melbourne Mint documents do not record an official mintage of 1930 pennies, but experts suggest that Mint tour guides there had a few dies for the 1930 penny to use to demonstrate the minting process, and that visitors could acquire examples of the 1930 penny by exchanging one of their pennies for the new coin. 

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