Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kosciuszko was a Polish military engineer
and a military leader who became a national hero in Poland, Belarus,
and the United States.
The Mint of Poland in recent weeks issued a Proof .999 fine silver
medal celebrating the legacy of the freedom fighter.
President Thomas Jefferson called him “As pure a son of liberty as I
have ever known.” Napoleon Bonaparte called him “the hero of the North”
Kosciuszko is one of the most renowned strategists in Polish
history, and was awarded the highest Polish national honor, the Order
of the White Eagle. In the United States he was admitted to the
Society of the Cincinnati, one of three foreigners in its history.
Shortly after the Declaration of Independence was ratified,
Kosciuszko moved to North America and joined in the American
Revolutionary War as a colonel in the Continental Army. His
accomplishments include building noteworthy fortifications at West
Point, N.Y., and in 1783, in recognition of his services, the
Continental Congress promoted him to brigadier general.
The new medal was issued to celebrate the 220th anniversary of an
insurrection in Poland led by Kosciuszko, according to the Mint of Poland.
The obverse of the medal shows the flag used by the scythe-bearing
peasants who fought in the uprising Kosciuszko led, as well as an
assemblage of scythes. The legend on the flag translates to “feed and defend.”
Kosciuszko appears in a colorful digital printing on the reverse,
based on an 1833 engraving.
Kosciuszko wears both of the aforementioned military honors in this
design. His signature is replicated, and an inscription recalling his
role in the uprising and its dates also appear.
The medal weighs 17.5 grams, measures 38.61 millimeters in diameter,
and has a mintage limit of 500 pieces.
No distributor information for the Mint of Poland was available at
publication time. Collectors interested in obtaining the medal should
Mint of Poland's sales department.