A Baltic Sea coastal town was a world caught between war, neither
Polish nor German.
The Frei Stadt of Danzig, or Free City of Danzig, existed under
League of Nations protection between World War I and World War II,
from 1920 to 1939, until Nazi occupiers seized control.
The population was mostly German, but the city was administratively
tied to Poland, giving the nation critical port access. The
semi-autonomous city-state included some 200 towns and settlements
around the city.
Between the two wars, Danzig issued a series of coins featuring
imagery important to the city. The limited number of issues, the
unique nature of the issuer and the availability of several one-year
type coins all make this series popular with collectors.
A Proof 62 example of Danzig’s 1923 gold 25-gulden coin,
encapsulated by Numismatic Guaranty Corp., highlights Heritage Auctions’ Aug.
8 sale at the American Numismatic Association World’s Fair of Money.
The 25-gulden denomination is the highest the Free City of Danzig issued.
Though German coinage was apparently used for the first several
years of Danzig’s existence, and a token coinage appeared in 1920, a
complete series of coins with a new currency system debuted in 1923.
The coinage system established 100 pfennig equal to one gulden.
Coins of 1-, 2-, 5-, and 10-pfennig denominations and half-, 1-, 2-,
5- and 25-gulden denominations were issued that first year, but
following issues of coins were sporadic. A 10-gulden denomination,
added in 1935, was issued only that year.
Only 200 Proof examples of the 25-gulden coin were issued in 1923,
from an issued mintage of 1,000 pieces in that denomination that year.
The obverse of the 25-gulden coin shows the Danzig coat of arms. The
Roman god of the sea, Neptune, holding his trident, appears on the
reverse, with a partial image of a horse. The reverse design is taken
from a 400-year-old statue of Neptune in the city. Given the port’s
critical role, Danzig’s monument to Neptune and its appearance on
Danzig’s coins make perfect sense.
After World War II, Danzig was added to the territory of Poland, and
the town was renamed Gdansk. The free city’s legacy is kept alive
through its numismatic heritage.
The auction firm estimates the coin at $8,000 to $10,000.