Each nation has its own cultural superstitions regarding luck, and coins are a popular instrument of expression for them.
In the United States and Europe, for example, cents and cent-equivalent coins are considered lucky by some, and coins of all denominations are tossed into fountains to ensure that wishes come true.
In France, the luckiest of coins is the French Angel, which has been minted off and on in various metals since Augustin Dupre (1748 to 1833) designed it in 1792. When Dupre’s politics angered King Louis XVI, legend has it that it was one of his own lucky Angel coins that saved him from the guillotine. In one version of the story he was able to escape prison because his lucky pocket piece produced a distracting lightning storm, while other another version says he used the coin to bribe a guard.
In 1989 France issued a Lucky Angel silver 100-franc coin to commemorate human rights. The angel depicted on the coin is inscribing the term DROITS DE L’HOMME on the plaque in front of him. These and other Angels are carried by many Europeans to this day, especially pilots.
Sometimes it is the coin type and not the design that’s lucky. All cash coins — the ones that are round on the outside and have a square hole in the middle — are considered lucky. Korean cash were cast from 1633 until 1892. Today the Korean pieces and the obsolete cash of China, Japan and Vietnam are used by practitioners of the ancient interior design system called “feng shui.” The practitioners hang them from ceilings with lucky red thread to bring prosperity to a home.
The pig is one of the oldest symbols found on New World coins and tokens. Pigs introduced to the Bermuda islands in the 1500s by the Spanish flourished and helped feed future visitors. Bermuda’s much later Pig penny or more accurately, Hog cent, minted since 1970, is based on a 17th century design from the island’s “Hogge money” history. It is considered to be a very lucky piggy.
Many Americans associate a particular nation with luck: Ireland. So the obsolete Irish sixpence is a lucky coin by virtue of its origins. However, since the sixpence as a denomination that has been minted by no less than a dozen different nations is considered a lucky coin in general, the Irish sixpence is doubly lucky.
Many brides, whether of Irish descent or not, put a sixpence in a shoe on their wedding day for good luck. All over America to this day, these obsolete coins sell briskly during St. Patrick’s Day celebrations in the form of key-chains, money clips and coin jewelry.
Flowerhorn cichlids are ornamental aquarium fish noted for their bright colors and the luck that their protruding foreheads purportedly generate.
The Lao Lucky Flowerhorn Fish 15,000-kip coin has a latent date that shifts back and forth between 2003 and 2004. Laos has issued several coins having this feature and other lucky aquarium denizens like the dragonfish, because the next best thing to owning the real thing is having a colorful representation of it.