World mints never underestimate the power of cute when deciding on
animal coin designs.
In topical world coin collecting, animal coins are number one. In
the last 20 years, one type of animal coin has so often been a sellout
that the hobby has seen a veritable population explosion of them: baby
animal coins. The young of many species can be found but it is the
cuteness factor that sells, especially sweet faces, creative angles
and a scene that makes you say, “Ahhhhh.”
The granddaddy of baby animal coins might just be the two issued
by Ireland as part of its first circulation coinage in 1928.
These two popular bronze coins, a barnyard animal halfpenny and
penny, would be minted for the next 40 years and feature,
respectively, a sow with piglets and a marching hen with chicks. A
good numismatic trivia question is, “How many chicks are there?” Many
will say four, but the correct answer is five.
For about three decades beginning in 1968, most young animal coins
were FAO issues created under the direction of the United Nations Food
and Agriculture Organization.
The program encouraged better development of food resources
worldwide through coin design. A 1979 Italian 100-lira coin is an
example of this program. It depicts a cow and her newborn calf. The
sweetly pastoral nature of the scene helps bring attention to it and
thus to the FAO message.
Some of the most dangerous animals are also attentive and tender parents.
The onca pintada cuddling face to face with her baby on the 1993
and 1994 Brazilian 50-cruzeiro-reai coin is also known as the jaguar.
With the exception of mothers with cubs, who may remain together for
up to two years, all jaguars are solitary animals. Two things that
many people don’t know about these animals are that they roar, and
that Arizona may still have a few wild jaguars left.
Talk about cute; hedgehogs embody the characteristic.
That may be why so many nations have featured this animal in the
years since cuteness became a top world coin marketing strategy. The
list of hedgehog coin issuers includes Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Latvia,
Cook Islands, Belarus, San Marino, Poland, Armenia and Ukraine.
The 1995 Bosnia-Herzegovina 500-dinara commemorative coin with a
hedgehog and four hoglets is one of the earliest of the modern
Ironically, many people associate the hedgehog with Great Britain,
a nation without a hedgehog coin. Currently, the beloved wild hedgehog
is endangered there due to habitat loss, but a national campaign is
under way to change that.
One of many Canadian animal coin series is the 50-cent group
issued in 1996 and devoted solely to young creatures. It includes
ducks, bears, moose, and cougars. In all but one instance, the coins
show siblings at play.
The exception is the moose calf, a singleton birth, but a design
no less interesting for the lack of multiples. It features a leggy
newborn who appears to be acclimating itself to an upright stance. Is
it about to take its first step?
Nagorno-Karabakh lies between Armenia and Azerbaijan in a forested
and mountainous region.
Although technically part of Azerbaijan, it has been
self-governing since 1994. In 2004, one of its first coin designs
included an Asiatic cheetah with her cub. The two animals are shown
sitting side by side on a 1-dram coin as if studying a herd of
antelope in the distance to see if one has wandered away from the
group. A cub stays close to its mother for the first 18 months,
learning all of her hunting strategies.
Since 2009, the nation of Turkey has issued two new
ringed-bimetallic 1-lira animal coins each year; however, only one of
them includes a baby animal.
Turkey’s 2009 elephant lira with a copper-nickel center and brass
ring shows a touching display of mother elephant and calf. The way the
two animals are shown stroking each other with their trunks is
realistic. This is a common form of elephant communication. The calf
may be telling its mother that it wants to nurse.
In 2011, Australia created a five-coin circulating commemorative
$1 series of animal coins called “Bush Babies.”
The young animals depicted in the series are the koala, dingo,
kangaroo, sugar glider (a gliding possum) and the bilby (a marsupial
that lives in the desert). The Bush Baby kangaroo coin depicts its
subject outside of the marsupial pouch so that we can see how large
the feet of the joey are in relation to its body. These huge feet go
on to serve the ’roo well for hopping but they will also be a big help
for swimming. ■