Elongated coins and wooden nickels are two forms of exonumia with
American origins that have traveled beyond U.S. borders.
Two types for the world collector to enjoy include pieces made in
the United States with the coins and denominations of other nations,
and those made in other countries primarily for local
Unlike wooden money, elongates begin life as legal
tender. They are not re-engraved by hand like love tokens and hobo
nickels but are machine-rolled into ovals with new designs.
The technology was born at the World’s Columbian Exposition in
Chicago in 1892 and 1893. Cents are most commonly used but other
denominations are sometimes found. “Penny smashing” machines can be
found the world over, creating instant souvenirs for people visiting
zoos, museums, and amusement parks.
In Canada, altering coins
is against the law. This has discouraged but not eliminated the
production of elongates. A relatively easy to find type is the
one-year 1967 Confederation of Canada Centennial cent, rolled with
various designs as part of the 100-year celebration of that nation.
The iconic maple leaf is a popular rolling design on these 1967 cents.
The national flag of Mexico is often rolled onto lower
denomination Mexican coins. On one 10-centavo example (of a 1946
coin), the flag with the eagle and snake center design was rolled over
the side of the coin with the eagle and snake crest. This is an
entirely different kind of “double eagle” coin.
Altering coins became illegal in Great Britain after 1936 but was
made legal again after 1981. Because of the most recent shift in
policy, elongates and the machines that make them are becoming more commonplace.
One 2000 copper-plated steel penny elongate hails from the famous
Wookey Hole Caves tourist attraction in Somerset, England. Legend
claims the 50,000-year-old limestone cave is inhabited by a witch and
Some tourist attractions in Germany make rolling machines
available to tourists who want to make their own souvenirs.
One 5-pfennig example attempts to recreate a little of the majesty
of the beautiful Schweiz Basteibrucke rock formation. The date on this
1972 West German coin remains visible but the Mint mark is totally obscured.
Elongate collectors like those who belong to The Elongated
Collectors (tecnews.org) prefer to
have the date preserved when possible because it is part of the story
the elongate tells.
Venturing into the woods
Some wooden “coins” are actually tokens imbued with various
temporary local values by the towns, merchants or private individuals
who issue them. During the Great Depression, a few banks issued them
to help with coin shortages. Towns in Washington state named Tenino
and Blaine are credited with creating the first wooden token coins for
local usage in 1931 and 1933.
Today, municipalities across North America and Europe issue wooden
nickels for celebrations as “good-fors,” and many coin clubs,
businesses, and politicians offer them as advertising.
Wooden “coins” proliferated across America in 1976 as part of the
Nine years earlier, a similar situation unfolded in Canada as part
of that nation’s Centennial. Among these issues were varieties of
blond wood “broomsticks,” thick piedfort-like varnished wooden nickels
that look like they could have been lopped off the end of a
broomstick. The pieces measure 25 millimeters in diameter and have
The Canadian Association of Wooden Money Collectors at www.nunet.ca/cawmc.htm says
that more than 5,500 different Canadian “woods” are known. Newer types
are hot press stamped or silk screened rather than printed.
An undated example from the now defunct Be Lo Ce Coin Club
provides an excellent example of a coin club wooden nickel.
This club was located in the Imperial-Mexicali Valleys, straddling
the borders of Mexico and the United States. With a drawing of coins
instead of a stated denomination, it could be a 5-cent piece or a
5-centavo piece, as needed.
One example of a restaurant wood with dual denomination was made
in Indiana as advertising for a Mexican restaurant that went out of
business more than two decades ago. What might catch the attention of
some Mexican coin collectors is that this token equated the value of a
peso with a U.S. 5-cent coin. Just prior to the introduction of the
nuevo peso in 1993, it actually required 600 pesos to equal a U.S.
In 2005, world wooden money collectors celebrated a unique event.
The Republic of the Congo issued a legal tender wooden coin, a 5-franc
piece with the nation’s symbolic lion on one side and a conservation
message about gorillas on the other.
This issue brought lots of positive attention to the hobby. Made
of maple in the standard 38-millimeter-diameter wooden nickel size,
the total mintage for the wooden coin is 2,000 pieces. ■