As 2012 marks the Diamond Jubilee of Great Britain’s Queen
Elizabeth II, several world mints are producing commemorative coins to
celebrate her 60 years on the British throne.
Typically those mints are located in countries within the
Commonwealth of Nations, a collective of 54 states, many of which were
once colonies of Britain. Queen Elizabeth II carries the title “head
of the Commonwealth,” inherited from her father, King George VI.
One of the most intriguing jubilee issues was produced at the
Pobjoy Mint, featuring a diamond-shaped silver commemorative
half-crown authorized by the Isle of Man government.
The coin, which sells for about $140, features a 0.005-carat
diamond inset on the reverse. Gold tenth-crown versions
(diamond-shaped and round) contain a 0.025-carat diamond inset.
Queen Elizabeth II merits a diamond inset to mark her jubilee, as
she is only the second British monarch to reign for so long. Queen
Victoria, who ruled 63 years, was the country’s longest reigning monarch.
I do not as a rule collect British coins, but I follow their
designs and, on occasion, add a commemorative to my collection. One of
my favorite world coins is the Royal Mint’s copper-nickel 1953
commemorative crown of Queen Elizabeth II’s coronation.
Traditionally, crowns (or 5-shilling coins) are struck in silver.
That practice was ended in 1947, with the exception of Maundy coinage
(covered in my column in Coin World’s April 18, 2011, issue).
My 1953 crown — cost $35 — was purchased five years ago at an Iowa
coin show and sent to Numismatic Guaranty Corp. for encapsulation.
Though copper-nickel, the coin is spectacular because of its
intense rainbow toning.
The obverse features Queen Elizabeth II riding a horse. The
reverse displays the shields and flowers of the nations of the United
Kingdom, with a crown in the center.
The obverse also contains the Latin inscription ELIZABETH II DEI
GRATIA BRITT OMN REGINA FIDEI DEFENSOR, which translates as “Elizabeth
II, by God’s Grace, Queen of all Britons, Defender of the Faith.”
Some numismatists maintain that “Defensor” is the proper title
used for kings while “Defensatrix” is used for queens, thereby making
the 1953 commemorative an error coin. I have seen the term
“Defensatrix” used on world medals, including a 16th century piece of
Queen Mary I, cast by engraver Jacopo da Trezzo.
The Royal Mint typically abbreviates FIDEI DEFENSOR as F.D. or
FID. DEF. Most Commonwealth countries omit the phrase, as they have no
official state religion. (The Church of England was founded in 1534
during the reign of King Henry VIII.)
Ironically, in 1521, the Roman Catholic church had declared Henry
“Defender of the Faith” because he published a pamphlet against German
Protestant reformer Martin Luther.
Do you see why home hobbyists should collect world coins? Prized
for their beauty, even in copper-nickel, they often inspire a love of
history and art history, and conversation at coin clubs and dinner tables.
Michael Bugeja, a coin collector since childhood, is a professor
at Iowa State University and also a member of the Citizens Coinage
Advisory Committee. He is a nationally known author, journalist and educator.