The final five 2010 ringed-bimetallic 5-peso coins from two
circulating coin series, commemorating leaders in the Mexican
Independence movement and honoring leaders in the Revolution, are now
available from a U.S. coin dealer.
The coins conclude the two series of 2008 to 2010 circulating
commemorative coins being issued by the Banco de México.
Nineteen coins honor leaders in the struggle for Mexican
Independence. Eighteen coins commemorate leaders of the Revolution.
Mexico’s War of Independence began in 1810; its Revolution began
The five coins dealer Don Bailey recently acquired comprise three
coins marking Independence, honoring Ignacio Allende, Guadalupe
Victoria and Josefa Ortiz de Dominguez, and two from the series
marking the Revolution, featuring Soldadera and Jose Maria Pino Suarez.
The coins have been entering the U.S. marketplace slowly. Bailey
has offered new issues as the pieces enter circulation.
The coins have a face value of about 41 cents U.S.
Coin of Independence
Ignacio Allende, born in 1779, began on one side of the fight and
ended on the other.
Originally part of the army of New Spain, Allende became
sympathetic to the cause for independence and supported the
underground movement before becoming fully engaged in the struggle.
After Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla’s famous Cry of Dolores ignited
the independence movement, Allende was named lieutenant general of the
armed forces, with Hidalgo in command.
After some early success (the Siege of Guanajuato), tactical
disagreement between Hidalgo and Allende hampered victory.
Allende finally gained command of the forces, which he marched
north toward the United States to regroup and, he hoped, find assistance.
Instead, opposing forces — tipped off by a traitor — ambushed and
captured Allende and Hidalgo (then in charge of political affairs) and
others. They were taken to the city of Chihuahua, where they were
tried and executed, Allende on June 26, 1811.
Guadalupe Victoria, born Miguel Fernández Félix in 1786, later
changed his name for the symbolic value, Victoria meaning “victory,”
and Guadalupe representing the patron saint of the nation.
He began fighting for independence forces in 1812 and fought at
the assault of Oaxaca.
Success during the assault prompted his change in name and earned
him a promotion to lead insurgent troops at Veracruz.
After some defeats, Guadalupe hid in the jungle for almost four
years before emerging to rejoin the then-dormant cause.
The struggle continued after declaration of independence Sept. 28,
1821, as Victoria fought emperor Agustin de Iturbide.
After de Iturbide was ousted, a triumvirate held the frail reins
of power, and in October 1824, Victoria was victorious in the
He served as the first president of the newly established republic.
He died March 21, 1843, and his remains were placed in the Column
of Independence in Mexico City in 1863.
During the independence movement, Josefa Ortiz de Dominguez was
part of an intellectual group in Querétaro (including Allende) that
pushed for freedom.
Josefa persuaded her husband, Miguel, then a corregidor
(magistrate) of Querétaro, to host political meetings among
revolutionaries at their house, where much planning occurred.
As the struggle reached its tipping point, colonial authorities
visited to roust out insurgents, forcing her husband to conduct a
house-by-house search (officials were unaware of his support for the insurgents).
As an outspoken critic of the Spanish overlords, Ortiz was locked
up, but still managed to pass word to the mayor, who tipped off the
insurgents, allowing their escape and the opportunity for Hidalgo’s
Imprisoned for the duration of the war, she was freed in 1821 and
died in 1829.
Coins of the Revolution
One of the most emblematic images of the Mexican Revolution is “La
Soldadera,” a symbol of the women who took arms in the fight.
The term soldaderas includes generally ordinary women who joined
the fight, as well as others who were wives of soldiers and who were
allowed to travel with the male forces.
They often cooked, hunted for food and performed other chores to
support the war effort.
Little is known of individual soldaderas today, but the story of
Adelita, a character in a folk song who goes to war to be with the man
she loves, is part of the fabric of Mexico’s culture. The term Adelita
now signifies a strong woman.
José Maria Pino Suárez, born in 1869, was a poet, statesman,
lawyer and newspaper publisher.
He helped negotiate the Treaty of Ciudad Juárez and was named
provisional (and later constitutional) governor of Yucatán.
He left the latter post to become vice president of Mexico (under
Francisco Madero) in late 1911 and he was soon also named secretary of
education and the arts.
During La decena trágica (the 10 tragic days), Pino Suárez and
Madero were forced to resign and were assassinated Feb. 22, 1913.
The center of each ringed-bimetallic piece weighs 3.25 grams and
is composed of aluminum-bronze (92 percent copper, 6 percent aluminum
and 2 percent nickel). The 3.82-gram outer ring is composed of iron,
chrome, nickel, carbon, silicon, manganese, sulfur and phosphorus.
Each coin’s total weight is 7.07 grams. The diameter is 25.5 millimeters.
All of the coins in these two series have a common obverse
depicting the Mexican national coat of arms. An inscription
translating to “United States of Mexico” follows the curve at the top
of the coin’s ring and a wreath stretches along the bottom portion.
The center of the reverse of each coin bears the bust and name of
the hero commemorated, with the issue date and denomination.
Inscriptions in the outer rings translate to either “Bicentennial
of Independence” or “Centennial of the Revolution,” with the
commemorative inscription méxico 2010 appearing on all of the coins.
Bailey offers the coins for $1.50 each. To order from Bailey,
telephone him at (951) 652-7875 or visit his Web site, found online at