Closer examination is needed to notice that this 1970-D Washington quarter dollar was struck on a planchet only partially intended for the denomination. Original images courtesy of GreatCollections.
This high grade example of a 1970-D Washington quarter dollar struck on quarter dollar diameter planchets cut from dime thickness stock shows characteristic weakness at the periphery. Images courtesy of GreatCollections.
Making Moderns column from Oct. 10, 2016, weekly issue of Coin World:
In the copper-nickel clad Washington quarter dollar series, only a small number of good die varieties are known. Even so, one coin that arguably should be included in collections of this coinage seldom is. It’s not a die variety, but a Mint error. It’s the 1970-D Washington quarter dollar struck on dime thickness stock.
To make coin blanks, pre-formed strips of metal are fed into a blanking press that stamps out coin-sized rounds. These strips are actually huge coils of metal, about 13 inches wide and 1,500 feet long. They weigh 3 tons. They are close in thickness to the final coin.
In 1970 at the Denver Mint, when making quarter dollar planchets, a coil intended for dimes, and therefore much thinner than quarter stock, was inserted into the blanking press. The mistake was not discovered and the blanks continued through the planchet forming process. Ultimately, they were struck into quarter dollars.
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Some estimate that more than 100,000 coins were struck and released into circulation.
They look exactly like one might expect, like thin quarter dollars. They have weak peripheral detail and often some flatness at the high points of the design. To noncollectors, they might appear to be a well-circulated coin.
Vending machines reject them, greatly frustrating noncollectors.
While a quarter dollar of this era should weigh 5.7 grams, these coins weigh just 4.2 grams.
This precise calculation tells us these coins were struck on planchets intended for dime stock.
If a dime, which weighs just 2.3 grams, were enlarged to quarter dollar diameter while leaving its thickness unchanged, its weight would be 4.2 grams.
There occasionally is variation in the thickness of coinage stock. A couple of tenths of a gram heavier, and these coins would be described simply as “struck on a thin planchet.”
The 1970-D Washington quarter dollar struck on dime thickness stock is very common. At any given time, a few can be found online at prices from just a few dollars to over a hundred, depending on condition. Most frequently, they are seen in About Uncirculated condition.
Perhaps it’s their abundance that allows collectors to dismiss them.
After looking at a few, their distinctive and characteristic appearance makes them charming.
This coin really should be included in collections of 1970s clad quarter dollars.
U.S. coins mentioned in this article:
Washington quarter: The Washington quarter dollar, which has been circulating since 1932, was born out of the Treasury Department's desire to produce a coin to mark the bicentennial of the birth of the first president of the United States. How much are Washington quarters worth?