House Coinage Subcommittee Chairman Frank D. Annunzio vowed he would
seek nothing less than the best designs for the three commemorative
coins honoring the 1984 Olympic Games when he gaveled a special
congressional oversight hearing to order on Dec. 1, 1982.
He had invited to testify a seven-member panel, described by Coin
World as “numismatic luminaries, the likes of which has never been
seen in Congress for the purpose of seeking artistic opinion on the
The panelists included: J. Carter Brown, chairman of the Commission
of Fine Arts; Elvira Clain-Stefanelli, curator of the Numismatic
Division of the Smithsonian Institution; Robert Weinman, sculptor and
former president of the National Sculpture Society; Karen Worth,
medallic sculptor; Adna G. Wilde Jr., president of the American
Numismatic Association; Anthony J. Swiatek, commemorative coin expert
and author; and Larry Stevens, coin photographer and journalist.
Following hearing protocol, U.S. Treasurer Angela “Bay” Buchanan was
the first witness to testify. She stood firm. Treasury would keep the
publicly revealed design concepts. She said the design concepts had
already been approved by Secretary of the Treasury Donald T. Regan,
the only person entrusted by law with the final say in coin designs.
However, she did indicate a willingness to consider proposed modifications.
The panelists offered various suggestions for modifications to the
Olympic coin designs. But they also used the public hearing as a forum
to assert that the United States should strive to be the best in all
fields, “whether in athletics or in art,” as noted by Worth.
To become the best, collectively the panelists advocated:
➤ A national competition to generate designs for U.S. coins and medals.
➤ Establishment of a numismatic panel to advise the Treasury on coin designs.
➤ New designs for the cent, 5-cent, dime, and quarter dollar — all
of which had long passed the 25-year eligibility threshold for new designs.
➤ More recognition for U.S. Mint engravers.
Today’s collectors may think the panelists’ ideas rather ordinary.
But 33 years ago they were revolutionary! Treasury Department
officials opposed them. However, the numismatic community strongly
backed them, creating momentum for change. Interestingly, the Treasury
Department — often nudged by Congress during the last three decades —
has embraced all four in many respects.
Here are some more reminisces and inside stories from Beth Deisher.
Annunzio critical of Olympic coin designs: From
the Memory Bank
coin sparks some controversy: From the Memory Bank
Mint medal series honors past presidents
chief engraver recalls President Reagan’s medal