A small, undated square piece of paper offers a tangible reminder of
the 1800s when yellow fever epidemics were common in the United States.
An unissued 50-cent relief ticket for the Howard Association of New
Orleans, graded by PCGS Currency as About New 53 Premium Paper
Quality, is offered in the June 26 to 27 Stack’s Bowers Galleries
auction during the Whitman Baltimore Summer Expo at the Baltimore
The face has intricate engraving around the edges along with both
text and numerals indicating the denomination. American Bank Note Co.
in New York printed the piece.
The back has the inscription RELIEF TO with a blank space,
apparently to fill in the name of the individual who received aid.
Another blank space for the name of the member supplying aid is
followed by the words MEMBER HOWARD ASSOCIATION. The bottom line, NEW
ORLEANS, is followed by a blank space that was possibly intended for
writing the date of the service rendered.
R.S. Robertson signed the note as treasurer and E.G. Schmidt signed
it as president of the volunteer relief organization. Although the
ticket is undated, the note can be dated: Schmidt and Robertson served
as officers of the association in 1873, according to Jewell’s
Crescent City, Illustrated – The Commercial, Social, Political and
General History of New Orleans by Edwin Lewis Jewell.
In New Orleans in 1837, Farquhar Mathewson, aged around 22 or 23,
organized a group of young men to provide relief to the victims of the
epidemic. They were the first members of the Howard Association of New Orleans.
According to records kept by the association, during the epidemic of
1853 it disbursed more than $150,000 to 11,000 sick and destitute individuals.
The association takes its name from John Howard, a British
philanthropist and prison reformer. The first Howard Association in
the United States was established in 1812 in Boston as a way to supply
medicine, food and burial for victims of yellow fever epidemics there.
Other Howard Associations were established in many cities along the
East Coast. These organizations provided local emergency relief long
before the formation of the American Red Cross in 1881.
For more information about the auction, visit the firm’s website.