When the Citizens Coinage Advisory Committee meets to discuss the
designs of new coins and metals, the U.S. Mint’s artists frequently
But when the CCAC held its Feb. 11 meeting in Washington, it was
Joseph F. Menna, a Philadelphia Mint-based sculptor-engraver, who
turned the tables on the committee.
Speaking via a closed circuit TV link, Menna told the panel that
their ideas threaten to impose too many restrictions on Mint artists.
If all the committee’s ideas are accepted, U.S. coinage would “risk
becoming the J.C. Penney of the world,” he said.
CCAC members were taken aback by Menna’s allegations and several
later promised to work on restoring a better working relationship with
the artists, most of whom work at the Philadelphia Mint.
Michael Bugeja, an Iowa State University journalism dean, said that
Menna has misunderstood the committee’s efforts to move away from what
the CCAC had frequently derided as “storyboard” art for coins and medals.
Menna’s complaint was one of the highlights of a meeting that saw the
committee endorse five proposed designs for the reverses of 2015
America the Beautiful quarter dollars and lavish praise on the Mint’s
proposed John F. Kennedy gold half dollar. (See JFK gold coin coverage
in March Monthly Edition of Coin World.)
CCAC members reviewed a total of 44 proposed 2015 America the
Beautiful quarter dollar designs:
12 representing Homestead
National Monument of America in Nebraska; eight for Kisatchie National
Forest in Louisiana; six for Blue Ridge Parkway in North Carolina;
eight for Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge in Delaware; and 10 for
Saratoga National Historical Park in New York.
For the Homestead National Monument of America in Nebraska, the panel
favored a design showing the three essentials for a homestead: food,
shelter and water.
That design drew 19 points under a voting system that allows each
CCAC member to give up to three points for any design.
With 11 members present, that meant a maximum of 33 points could be
awarded and 17 points needed for an endorsement.
The committee recommended removing 30 stars from a circle around the
cabin that represents the state offering free land to homesteaders.
They also agreed to add the words “Free Land” to the design. Mark
Engler, superintendent of the Nebraska monument, appeared before the
CCAC and made a strong argument for adding the words “Free Land” to
Earlier, a CCAC member had said the FREE LAND inscription looked like
a “neon sign” on another proposed design showing the inscription above
a plow on a farm field.
In response, Engler asserted that the promise of free land was the
essential element that made the Homestead Act of 1862 a lure for
thousands of people from around the world.
For the Kisatchie National Forest in Louisiana, the CCAC voted to
show an image of an endangered red cockaded woodpecker in flight
against long leaf pine trees.
That image drew 21 points. The committee urged that the trees be
trimmed back to avoid obscuring the bird.
For the Blue Ridge Parkway in North Carolina, the panel urged its
reverse show the Linn Cove Viaduct, a winding curve that was said to
showcase some of the road’s scenic mountains.
The design drew 27 points, making it the strongest design among all
coin design submissions shown to the committee.
For the Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge in Delaware, the CCAC
endorsed a design showing a great blue heron with a fish in its beak.
The design pulled 20 points and was closely followed by a design
showing two Canada geese in flight that drew 19 points in the
None of the 10 reverse designs for the Saratoga National Historical
Park in upstate New York, scene of a major 1777 battle in the
Revolutionary War, could muster enough points for an endorsement in
the initial balloting.
The leading design drew 14 points, three fewer than needed for a
It shows a close-up of British Gen. John Burgoyne handing a surrender
sword to American Gen. Horatio Gates.
The proposed wording, “Surrender 1777,” made some CCAC members
believe the coin would be saying America surrendered.
So a compromise was reached, to retitle the coin as “British
surrender 1777.” With that agreement, the design won the CCAC’s recommendation.
All 44 designs reviewed by the CCAC were scheduled for review Feb. 20
by the Commission of Fine Arts.
Like the CCAC, the CFA also forwards its recommendations to the
Treasury secretary as to what designs should be placed on the coins.
Treasury Secretary Jacob “Jack” Lew or his designee has the final say
on U.S. coin designs.
In another action, the CCAC voted unanimously to suggest in its
annual report that the 50th anniversary of the 1969 Moon Landing by
Apollo 11 astronauts should be marked with a commemorative coin in 2019.
That recommendation will go to Congress, which legislatively decides
what commemorative coins the Mint should issue. ■