The first United States copper coin to break the $1 million barrier
at auction will make a return visit to the auction block in January.
The 1795 Liberty Cap, Reeded Edge cent, cataloged as the Sheldon
79 die marriage in Penny Whimsy by William H. Sheldon, is the top
highlight of the Adam Mervis Collection, to be offered by Heritage
Auctions Jan. 9. The auction will be conducted in Orlando, Fla., in
conjunction with the Florida United Numismatists Convention.
The coin is graded Very Good 10 by Professional Coin Grading Service.
The coin last sold Sept. 6, 2009, for $1.265 million, by Ira and
Larry Goldberg Auctioneers in conjunction with McCawley-Grellman, The
Copper Specialists, in the sale of the Dan Holmes Collection of Early
Date Large Cents, Part I.
The 2009 price realized includes a 15 percent buyer’s fee.
Considered the finest known 1795 Liberty Cap, Reeded Edge cent
among seven examples confirmed, the coin is one of some 1,200 lots
comprising the Mervis large cent collection.
The collection also boasts two of the four known varieties of 1793
Flowing Hair, Wreath, Strawberry Leaf cents. The varieties derive
their name from the plant appearing below Liberty’s portrait and above
The Strawberry Leaf cents are classified as noncollectible
varieties because they are known by three or fewer examples.
Mervis assembled the bulk of his collection of large cents over a
four-year period between 2007 and 2011 with the guidance of Greg
Hannigan from Hannigan’s Rare Coins/U.S. Currency LLC in Royal Palm
The Mervis Collection includes all 302 Sheldon die marriages that
fall outside of the “noncollectible” category, according to Hannigan,
who sold Mervis all the coins in his large cent collection.
The Mervis/Hannigan numismatic collaboration began in 2006 when
Mervis purchased from Hannigan via eBay an 1844 Coronet cent certified
Mint State 65 red and brown by Numismatic Guaranty Corp.
A decisive moment in the assemblage of the Mervis Collection came
with Hannigan’s placement of the winning bid in 2009 for the 1795
Liberty Cap, Reeded Edge cent, a bid that almost didn’t get placed as
Hannigan had been provided with Mervis’ bidding limit before the
lot containing the 1795 Reeded Edge cent opened. Once bidding began,
it soon eclipsed Mervis’ limit.
Hannigan said Mervis had wanted to acquire the coin for $900,000
or less, but Hannigan said he told Mervis that to win the coin would
take $1 million or more. And it did.
Mervis’ lots from the Holmes sale, for which Hannigan placed the
winning bids, cost more than $2.5 million, Hannigan said.
Mervis, 52, said that although he began his numismatic collecting
some 40 years ago filling holes in Whitman coin folders, his interests
multiplied six or seven years ago with the attention given by his then
13-year-old son, Alec.
Alec has the better eye for coins, and he especially liked the
early dates, Mervis said. That, coupled with the older Mervis’ meeting
with Hannigan, put him on the road to aggressive pursuit of the large
cents by Sheldon variety.
Mervis credits Hannigan’s tenacity and enthusiasm in the effort to
help him attain his collecting goals with the large cents.
Next to the large cent collection assembled by Roy E. “Ted”
Naftzger Jr., Hannigan considers the Mervis Collection the highest in
quality among large cent collections of the 302 Sheldon die marriages
to come to auction.
At the 2009 Holmes auction, where he purchased the 1795 Reeded
Edge cent, Hannigan also acquired the two 1793 Strawberry Leaf cents
for his own collection.
Hannigan didn’t decide to part with the coins until 2010, when he
broached the subject with Mervis before a scheduled trip to meet
Holmes at his Cleveland, Ohio, home and discuss their common zest for
Hannigan said he brought the Strawberry Leaf cents with him on
that trip and handed them over to Mervis. Hannigan said he provided
Mervis the opportunity to consummate the deal several months later,
with payment in 2011.
1795 Reeded Edge cent
The obverse of the Holmes/Mervis 1795 Liberty Cap, Reeded Edge
cent is plated in Early American Cents, the predecessor title of Penny Whimsy.
Both the obverse and reverse are illustrated in Penny Whimsy;
United States Large Cents 1793-1814 by William C. Noyes; the 18th
edition of Wayte Raymond’s Standard Catalog of United States Coins;
United States Pattern Coins, Experimental & Trial Pieces by J.
Hewitt Judd; and Walter Breen’s Complete Encyclopedia of U.S. and
The coin has a reeded edge instead of the common edge device ONE
HUNDRED FOR A DOLLAR.
The reasoning for the reeded edge is unknown. Breen suggested the
reeding was “an experiment which proved to be a needless frill, adding
to the cost of manufacture without compensatory advantage.” The 1795
Reeded Edge cent is key to completing a collection of Sheldon numbered
die varieties of early large cents.
Strawberry Leaf cents
Sheldon divided the 1793 Flowing Hair, Wreath cents into nine
varieties having sufficient extant examples for collectors to acquire
and four varieties that at the time he designated as noncollectible.
The NC-2 Strawberry Leaf cent, the only example of the variety
known, is graded PCGS Fair 2.
The NC-3 example in the Mervis Collection is certified PCGS Good 4
and is the second finest of three examples known.
The NC-2 cent sold in the Holmes auction for $264,500, while the
NC-3 cent brought $218,500.
Discovered before 1869 by pioneer copper collector Richard Winsor,
the Strawberry Leaf obverse design was initially called the “Clover
Leaf.” The plant depicted on the cent below the portrait of Liberty is
distinctive and quite unlike the three-leaved plants shown on the
other cents of the 1793 Flowing Hair, Wreath obverse design type. No
one knows specifically what plant Mint die sinker Adam Eckfeldt
intended by what is now called the “Strawberry Leaf,” nor the reason
why such a startling change was implemented.
Collector John Meader, according to the pedigree for Mervis’ NC-2
variety, had pulled the 1793 cent from circulation in 1845.
Following Winsor’s ownership of the unique variety, the coin
passed through the hands of such notables as S.H. & H. Chapman;
Sylvester S. Crosby, author of Early Coins in America; Chicago beer
baron Virgil M. Brand; Burdette G. Johnson from St. Louis Stamp &
Coin Co.; Dayton, Ohio, dealer James Kelly; collectors Floyd E. Starr
and Roy E. “Ted” Naftzger Jr.; and New York dealer Tony Terranova, who
placed the coin with Holmes Oct. 16, 1995.
The first example of an NC-3 1793 Strawberry Leaf cent is reported
to have been discovered in the 1940s by William Rabin.
The Vine and Bars edge device found on NC-2 and NC-3 cents also
appears on Sheldon varieties for 1793 designated S-5, S-6, S-7, S-10,
S-11a, NC-4 and NC-5.
The same edge device appears on the NC-3 1793 Strawberry Leaf cent
in the collection of the American Numismatic Society.
In October 2004, six large cent specialists — Holmes, John
Kraljevich, Wes Rasmussen, Walter Husak, Jeff Gresser and Al Boka —
examined the ANS NC-3 cent and determined the edge device matched
those of Holmes’ NC-2 and NC-3 coins.
The edge device provided researchers with sufficient evidence that
all of the Strawberry Leaf cents were struck at the Philadelphia Mint
at or near the time of the aforementioned Sheldon Vine and Bars Edge varieties.
Additional detailed information on the Strawberry Leaf cents can
be found in the March 2005 issue of Penny-Wise, published by Early
Do it again
Hannigan said he and Mervis were excited about being able to
assemble such a collection of large cents in such a short period of
time, joining the ranks of legendary large cent collector and Kentucky
distiller Robinson S. Brown, who assembled a Sheldon variety set — twice.
And despite Mervis’ collection of large cents not yet having
crossed the auction block, Hannigan said he and Mervis have already
been discussing the assemblage of another Sheldon set of early large