A proposed design recommended by both the Citizens Coinage Advisory
Committee and United States Mint for the reverse of the 2014 Native
American dollar was approved Sept. 23 by Acting Deputy Treasury
Secretary Mary J. Miller.
The design depicts a Native American man offering a pipe, while
his wife offers provisions of fish, corn, roots and gourds. In the
background is a stylized image of the face of Capt. William Clark’s
compass highlighting the northwest quadrant the Lewis and Clark
The reverse design best represents, according to U.S. Mint
officials, the approved theme: “Native Hospitality Ensured the Success
of the Lewis and Clark Expedition.”
In making their final recommendation, U.S. Mint officials noted
the design “best supports the theme and is symbolic of the many Native
American families who offered aid, support and friendship to the Lewis
and Clark Expedition, essential elements to the success of the mission.”
The approved reverse design will be paired with sculptor Glenna
Goodacre’s common obverse depicting Sacagawea and her son,
Jean-Baptiste that was used on the Sacagawea dollar from 2000 to 2008.
The Goodacre design was adopted for continued use on the obverse for
the Native American dollar series, introduced in 2009.
The approved reverse design was selected from among seven designs
considered to be historically accurate. An eighth design was removed
from consideration after being deemed historically inaccurate by U.S.
Mint officials and consulted entities.
Specific reasons for the removal of the design from consideration
were not disclosed by U.S. Mint officials.
Themes for the Native American $1 Coin Program are developed by
the U.S. Mint in consultation with the National Museum of the American
Indian under provisions of the program’s Reverse Candidate Theme and
Design Evaluation Process.
Themes are selected after consultation with the National Congress
of the American Indian, U.S. Senate Committee on Indian Affairs,
Congressional Native American Caucus of the U.S. House of
Representatives, and the CCAC.
Under provisions of the Native American $1 Coin Act, Public Law
110-82, reverse designs are selected by the Treasury secretary or his
designated representative after consultation with the Commission of
Fine Arts and the other consulting entities. All but the CNAC
submitted its reverse design preferences to the U.S. Mint.
The CFA made its pick following a July 18 meeting. The CCAC made
its recommendation July 23 during the first day of a two-day session.
Native American dollars are struck in circulation quality for sale
to collectors, but not for general circulation. Production for
circulation was suspended in Dec. 13, 2011, at the same time that
Presidential dollar circulation production was suspended.
Native American dollar production represented 20 percent of
overall dollar production for circulation until dollar production was
suspended by Treasury Secretary Timothy F. Geithner. Geithner cited
the more than 1.3 billion dollar coins languishing in Federal Reserve
Bank and contracted vault space in making his decision to indefinitely
suspend dollar coin production for circulation.
The U.S. Mint offers for sale 25-coin rolls of Native American
dollars struck in circulation quality. The Mint also sells the coins
in 100-coin bags, and 250-coin and 500-coin boxes of rolled coins.
Native American dollars are also struck in Proof and Uncirculated
Mint set versions for inclusion in other numismatic product options.
Visit the U.S. Mint’s website at www.usmint.gov. ■