David H. Gould operated a lodging and eating house at 10 Fulton St.
in New York before the Civil War. He styled his place “Gould’s House
of Refreshment” in a local advertising directory, which stated that he
provided both meals and lodging.
Another such directory recommended “Gould’s Dining Saloon” menu at
10 Fulton because “one knows exactly what he has to pay before he
gives his order.”
Russ Rulau catalogs a 28-millimeter brass (NY-287) or silvered
brass (NY-287A) Gould’s Saloon store card in his Standard Catalog of
United States Tokens, 1700-1900. It has the familiar gold coin
look-alike Liberty and Eagle designs, made by Scovill Manufacturing
Co., that Rulau dates circa 1848 to 1851. D.H. GOULD appears on the
headband that reads LIBERTY on the gold coins.
In 1857, David H. Gould lived at 91 Remsen St. in Brooklyn. In
1862, Gould’s Dining Rooms issued Civil War stamp envelopes at its new
location, 35 Nassau St. opposite the Post Office.
This location in the heart of New York’s booming financial
district provided Gould a front-row seat to the lines of patrons
purchasing stamps for use as small change in summer 1862. So it was
natural he would provide customers their change in these advertising
stamp envelopes that were circulated in the absence of hoarded
government small change.
The only known example, formerly in the collection of David
Proskey, according to my forthcoming reference, Civil War Stamp
Envelopes, the Issuers and Their Times, exhibits messy grease-stained
fingerprints, very likely Mr. Gould’s.
A decade later, Gould’s eating house was located at 31 Nassau St.
On a Friday night in March 1871, police were summoned to the scene by
an explosion they later found out had been a dynamited safe at the
nearby New York Bank of Commerce.
However, on investigating, the coppers found several mechanics at
work at Gould’s several doors away. The workmen were “repairing the
boiler and using hammers,” which the cops considered to be the source
of the noise witnesses had heard. So the lawmen quit the
investigation. Evidently the actual burglars were spooked by the
appearance of the police, and failed to return to the bank to get
their loot. The blown safe and nearly successful burglary were
discovered the following Monday morning by the bankers.
Daniel Gould’s New York City restaurant proved to be a long-lived
affair. On June 25, 1882, the New York Whole Truth and Nothing But the
Truth reported, “Mr. D.H. Gould has on exhibition at his restaurant,
Thursday, one of the largest lobsters ever caught. It weighs
twenty-three pounds and measures three feet from claw to fin. Age, 20 years.”
Fred L. Reed iii has been a collector and writer for many years.
Reach him at www.fredwritesright.com.