President Obama gave his approval to gold medals to honor the
service of a special military unit in World War II.
Two identical congressional gold medals will be struck to
recognize the service of the First Special Service Force during World
War II. Obama signed the authorizing legislation into law July 12.
H.R. 324, introduced Jan. 18 by Rep. Jeff Miller, R-Fla., is now
Public Law 113-16. The bill was approved by both the House of
Representatives and the Senate, and was sent to the president on July 2.
One of the gold medals will be presented to the Smithsonian
Institution for display and made available for research there. The
other gold medal will be given to the First Special Service Force
Association in Helena, Mont., for display, including at Fort William
Henry Harrison in Helena, Mont.
The law also authorizes production of bronze duplicate medals to
be offered for public sale.
The military unit was composed of volunteers from the United
States and Canada and was activated in July 1942 at Fort Harrison near
Helena, Mont. They were known as “the Force,” according to the legislation.
The idea behind the military unit was “to target military and
industrial installations that were supporting the German war effort,
including important hydroelectric plants, which would severely limit
the production of strategic materials used by the Axis powers,”
according to the legislation.
The Force totaled 1,800 soldiers. Of the total, 500 combat
soldiers were from the United States and 500 combat soldiers were from
Canada. An additional 800 members from the United States served in a
U.S. Army Lt. Colonel Robert T. Frederick was the unit’s
organizing commander. This group fought in the Aleutian Islands,
French Morocco and Italy. Frederick was promoted to brigadier general
in January 1944.
Dr. R. Adams Cowley
A pioneer in emergency medicine would receive a congressional gold
medal if legislation introduced by a man whose life was saved by those
pioneering efforts is approved by Congress and signed into law.
Rep. C.A. Dutch Ruppersberger, D-Md., introduced H.R. 2782 on June
22, seeking authorization to award the medal posthumously to Dr. R.
Adams Cowley, who died in 1991.
Cowley was the founder of the first trauma center at the
University of Maryland.
According to the legislation, Cowley, known as the “Father of
Trauma Medicine,” created the “Golden Hour” concept that saved
Ruppersberger’s life after a near-fatal car crash in 1975.
Cowley was the first to propose “the now universally-accepted
Golden Hour concept, which describes the first 60 minutes following
injury when definitive care is crucial to trauma patients’ survival.
He was among the first to perform open-heart surgery, lobby for
helicopter evacuations and invented both a surgical clamp that bears
his name and a prototype pacemaker,” according to a news release from
The entire Maryland congressional delegation has signed on as
According to Ruppersberger’s office, Sen. Barbara A. Mikulski,
D-Md., will introduce the bill’s counterpart in the Senate.
The R. Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center at the University of
Maryland “boasts a 97 percent survival rate. Hundreds of medical
personnel have trained there including members of the U.S. military in
preparation for deployment to combat zones,” according to a news
release from Ruppersberger’s office.
The medal would recognize Cowley’s “lifelong commitment to the
advancement of trauma care,” according to the legislation.
Cowley’s advocacy of the “Golden Hour” concept also led to the
first medevac transport system in the nation in 1969, the bill states.
The Treasury secretary would select an appropriate design to
recognize Cowley’s “lifelong commitment to the advancement of trauma
care,” according to the legislation.
The bill, if approved by Congress and signed into law, would also
authorize the striking and sale of bronze duplicate medals.
The legislation was referred to the House Financial Services