It is not wholly unusual for new U.S. coinage releases to recast
designs from the past. The U.S. Mint has used sculptor Augustus
Saint-Gaudens’ 1907 designs on the gold American Eagle and for the
2009 Ultra High Relief gold $20 double eagle; James Earle Fraser’s
1913 Indian Head 5-cent coin designs have been employed on gold and
silver coins; and Adolph A. Weinman’s 1916 Walking Liberty half dollar
obverse design graces the silver American Eagle.
Each of these designs merits its honors, but looking to the past
has had the unintended consequence of casting new coinage design in
the role of second fiddle.
While renowned and top medalists have always contributed to the
design of U.S. coinage, the successes of contemporary designers are
One such artist is medalist Marcel Jovine, who contributed designs
to seven U.S. commemorative coins between 1987 and 2001. When Jovine
passed away 10 years ago, in 2003, author and researcher D. Wayne
Johnson wrote that Jovine “raised the bar for American medallic art by
his highly creative and detailed medallic designs.” That may be true,
but how many coin collectors are familiar with his work?
Born in Italy in 1921, Jovine immigrated to America after World
War II. Although trained as a classical artist, he started his career
in America as a successful toy maker. During the 1960s, he designed
anatomical model kits for children, the Visible Man and the Visible
Woman. Finally in the 1970s, he turned fully to medallic art.
The first coin designed by Jovine was the 1987 U.S. Constitution
Bicentennial gold $5 half eagle.
In the Coins column of The New York Times, Ed Reiter
wrote, “Mr. Jovine’s design is the most impressive work of coinage art
to appear in this country in many years.’’ The coin sold well and, in
coinage, it is the best example of Jovine’s style and art. Struck at
the West Point Mint with sales totaling 651,659 Proof pieces and
214,225 Uncirculated coins, it was considered a huge success. Today
examples can be bought for less than $500, except at the Mint State 70
and Proof 70 grade level.
His next coin design was the reverse of the 1988 U.S. Olympic half
eagle. Although Jovine’s reverse was overshadowed by Chief Engraver
Elizabeth Jones’ fantastic, classically styled obverse, the clean and
modern reverse helped this coin “[span] centuries of art and culture,”
according to David L. Ganz in Official Guide to U.S. Commemorative
Coins: Current Information That All Collectors Want and Need.
To complete a set of coins designed by Jovine requires the
following: 1990 Eisenhower dollar (reverse), 1991 Mount Rushmore half
dollar (obverse), 1992 Olympics silver dollar (reverse), 1995 Atlanta
Olympics, Stadium half eagle (reverse) and the 2001 U.S. Capitol
Visitor Center half dollar (reverse).
Scott schechter is a grader at NGC and co-author of 100
Greatest U.S. Modern Coins. He can be reached by email directed
to him at email@example.com.