One of the great pleasures of major auctions is that collections are
offered that can really help define the market for a given series. At
Heritage’s recent Florida United Numismatists auction, the Walter
Freeman Collection of silver 3-cent pieces shows that collectors have
a hearty appetite for these diminutive coins.
The near-complete collection of Mint State and Proof issues was
housed in old-style Numismatic Guaranty Corp. holders. In a market
that values freshness, these coins represented an unusual buying
opportunity and bidders undoubtedly saw upgrade potential in many of
The issue’s resemblance to a dime lent it the nickname “trime.”
Three distinct design subtypes are collected.
Prices for problem-free circulated examples have risen in the past
decade as collectors become more aware of their relative scarcity.
Examples in top grades have also seen increased interest over the
past few years. As evidence of the robust demand in top grades for the
series, 18 different pieces from the Freeman Collection realized more
than $10,000 each.
The collection’s top lot was an 1855 silver 3-cent coin graded Proof
65 that sold for $44,062.50. The catalog description noted that the
Proof issue, “never distributed in large quantities, today is a rarity
regardless of grade with only 50 or so surviving specimens estimated.
In a broader sense, as a representative of the Type Two design in
proof, it is also a category rarity as well.”
An 1854 example graded Proof 65 that was once part of the collection
of John Work Garrett, with a pedigree dating back to 1883, realized $38,187.50.
An 1869 3-cent coin graded Mint State 67 was the numerically
highest-graded piece in the collection. It realized $41,125.
An MS-66 example of the 1851-O coin — the series’ only Branch Mint
issue — realized $4,700. The least expensive coin was an 1859 piece
graded MS-65 that sold for $1,028.13.
Many coins sold for multiples of what comparably graded examples
would be expected to sell for. An 1862 3-cent coin graded Proof 65
with rich multi-colored toning realized $6,462.50 — far more than the
$1,300 to $1,400 range that peer examples have been trading for at
auction. If this coin returns to market, one should not be surprised
to see it housed in a new holder at a higher grade. ■