President Obama signed legislation authorizing commemorative coins
marking the 225th anniversary of the U.S. Marshals Service as the
nation’s oldest law enforcement agency April 2.
The legislation was sent to the president for his signature after
the House agreed to a Senate amendment to legislation already approved
in the House. The House on March 21 suspended the rules and agreed to
the amendment added by the Senate to H.R. 886 when the latter body
took up the measure March 15. The House had passed the original
version of the bill Dec. 15. The Senate added an amendment to the bill
before passing the legislation March 15.
The bill was presented to President Obama March 23.
The three-coin program for 2015 commemorates the 2014 anniversary
of the U.S. Marshals Service.
The Senate amendment addressed whether the coins would be produced
at a cost to American taxpayers.
After several months of negotiations, Sen. Tom Coburn, D-Okla.,
lifted his objection to the proposed U.S. Marshals coins legislation
after an amendment was added to H.R. 886 guaranteeing the U.S. Mint
will recover all of its production costs before any surcharges from
coin sales are distributed to recipient entities.
The provision was absent from both S. 431, introduced March 2,
2011, in the U.S. Senate by Sen. Mark L. Pryor, D-Ark., and Sen. John
Boozman, R-Ark., as well as H.R. 886, introduced in the House the same
day by U.S. Rep. Steve Womack, R-Ark.
H.R. 886, as originally introduced by Womack, passed the House on
Dec. 15, and was referred two days later to the Senate Committee on
Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs.
The Senate Committee on March 15, 2012, discharged H.R. 886 by
unanimous consent to the full Senate, which passed the bill the same
day by unanimous consent after the amendment was attached.
The House took up the amendment March 21 under a suspension of the
rules and agreed to the change in the bill by a vote of 409-2, with
two members voting “present” and 18 members not voting.
Although the amended H.R. 886 calls for a 2015 coin program, the
bureau’s anniversary is actually in 2014 and only one commemorative
coin bill has been approved for 2014. Congress is legislatively
limited to two commemorative coin programs per calendar year according
to Mint reform legislation approved in 1996. Currently, 2014 will
bring silver dollars marking the 50th anniversary of the passage of
the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Legislation calling for commemorative coins honoring the U.S.
Marshals 225th anniversary was introduced in the House and Senate by
Arkansas legislators in 2009 and 2010. Those bills called strictly for
gold $5 half eagles and silver dollars, while the newly signed law
calls for a three-coin program through the inclusion of a
copper-nickel clad half dollar.
In other differences, the 2009 legislation called for the coins to
be dated 2014, while the 2010 legislation called for the dual date 2014-2015.
The 2012 law requires each of the three coins authorized to carry
the date of issue of 2015, and the anniversary dates of 1789 and 2014.
Under the law, the first $5 million in surcharges from coin sales,
after the U.S. Mint has recovered its production costs, will be
distributed toward the planned construction of the U.S. Marshals
Museum in Fort Smith, Ark., for the public display of artifacts and
preservation of the agency’s history.
United States marshals were established under the Judiciary act of
Sept. 24, 1789, during the first session of the first Congress, and
signed into law by the first president, George Washington.
In 1969, by order of the Department of Justice, the U.S. Marshals
Service was created, which achieved bureau status in 1974.
Provisions of the United States Marshals Service 225th Anniversary
Commemorative Coin Act mandate the production and issuance of up to
100,000 gold $5 half eagles, 500,000 silver dollars and 750,000
copper-nickel clad half dollars combined in Proof and Uncirculated versions.
Each gold coin will have a $35 surcharge included in the purchase
price, while each silver dollar will have a surcharge of $10 and each
half dollar, a $3 surcharge.
Any surcharges collected above the initial $5 million — after the
Mint has recovered all of its production costs — will be split evenly
between the Federal Law Enforcement Officers Association Foundation,
the National Law Enforcement Museum, and the National Center for
Missing and Exploited Children, according to the House bill.
The U.S. Marshals Service coin legislation mandates the obverse
and reverse designs for each denomination. Designs are to be given
final approval by the Treasury secretary and director of the U.S.
Marshals Service following review by the Commission of Fine Arts and
Citizens Coinage Advisory Committee.
The obverse of the half eagle is to carry the U.S. Marshals
The half eagle’s reverse is to carry a design emblematic of the
sacrifice and service of the men and women of the U.S. Marshals
Service who lost their lives in the line of duty and include the
service’s motto, “Justice, Integrity, Service.”
For the dollar, the obverse is again to depict “America’s Star”
while the reverse will have a design “emblematic of the United States
Marshals legendary status in America’s cultural landscape. The image
should depict Marshals as the lawmen of our frontiers, including their
geographic, political, or cultural history, and shall include the
Marshals Service motto ‘Justice, Integrity, Service.’ ”
The half dollar’s obverse will differ from the designs on the
silver dollar and half eagle in that it is to bear a design emblematic
of the U.S. Marshals Service and its history.
The reverse of the half dollar is to have an image consistent with
the role that the group has played in the nation’s history, with the
legislation specifying: “The image should show the ties that the
Marshals have to the United States Constitution, with themes including
— (I) the Whiskey Rebellion and rule of law; (II) slavery and the
legacy of inequality; and (III) the struggle between labor and capital.”
The law calls for the designs to be selected on the basis of
realism and historical accuracy, adding, “and on the extent to which
the images are reminiscent of the dramatic and beautiful artwork on
coins of the so-called ‘Golden Age of Coinage’ in the United States,
at the beginning of the 20th Century, with the participation of such
noted sculptors and medallic artists as James Earle Fraser, Augustus
Saint-Gaudens, Victor David Brenner, Adolph A. Weinman, Charles E.
Barber, and George T. Morgan.” ■