The 1873 Coronet gold $10 eagle is one of the major rarities in the
series, with a mintage of only 800 circulation strikes and 25 Proof
examples. In Extremely Fine 40 condition, the 1873 Coronet eagle is
listed in Coin Values at $9,500, and in About Uncirculated 50, it
jumps to $17,500.
This has not prevented counterfeiters from giving it a shot. The
fake shown here is a good example of the type of counterfeit being
imported into the United States from the counterfeit factories in
China and other parts of the Far East. While the quality of this fake
is much better than many of the counterfeits we see at ANACS, it is
still fairly easy to detect.
Check the date on a genuine example. The date digits are much
closer together on a genuine coin than on the counterfeit, and the 3
in the date on the genuine coin is the Closed 3 version. The 3 in the
date on the fake is open and rather crudely shaped. As with many
Chinese counterfeits we see, style of date digits and lettering is
often the giveaway.
Accuracy in other parts of the fake is somewhat disconcerting.
Details in Liberty’s hair and the eagle’s feathers are correct
compared to a genuine coin, and weight and metal content are within
tolerance. If the counterfeiters continue to improve their “product,”
they will eventually have exceptionally deceptive fakes.
But why would they pick a rare date to counterfeit? This type of
coin is rarely encountered in the numismatic marketplace unless it is
graded and encapsulated by one of the major grading services.
One possible answer to this question lies with the psychology of
the “bargain hunter.” The cost to produce this fake is currently about
$800 in gold, and probably another $200 per coin in fabrication
expenses (the cost of making the dies, wear and tear on their coinage
press, utilities, and so on). Selling this fake to an unwary collector
for $2,000 to $2,500 gives the counterfeiter a healthy profit, and
many bargain hunters just can’t help themselves when they see a
$10,000 coin selling at a huge discount.
However, the most likely answer is that the person making the fake
die simply did not know that an 1873 Coronet eagle is a rare date. The
counterfeiter may have produced a counterfeit die with a common date,
such as 1874, 1878 or 1879, struck some fakes, then altered the date
on the die to 1873 just so he or she could offer a wider range of dates.
Michael Fahey is a senior numismatist at ANACS in Denver, Colo.