The long-haired, bearded bust on the 66-millimeter by
49.5-millimeter bronze plaquette struck by Medallic Art Co. is
identified by facsimile signature as ezra meeker, pioneer, and was the
work of a busy sculptor, Jeno Juszko. Meeker was born Dec. 29, 1830,
and died Dec. 3, 1928.
He was not an easy man to overlook during his long lifetime.
Collectors of U.S. commemorative coins may recall him as a force
behind the Oregon Trail Memorial half dollars that were issued from
1926 through 1939.
Born to Jacob and Phoebe Meeker in Huntsville, Ohio, Ezra
relocated with his family to Indiana in 1840. He married Eliza Jane
Summner in 1851 and with his newborn son headed west the next year on
the Oregon Trail. The journey ended with a donation land claim near
Puget Sound where he was a founder of Puyallup and became a grower of
hops for beer brewing in 1863.
A wealthy man by 1885, Ezra built his wife an imposing mansion
before aphids destroyed his hops and brought financial ruin. Later
ventures included developing dehydrated fruits and vegetables. Four
trips to the Klondike gold rush brought little success.
At the age of 76, Meeker began promoting the memory of the Oregon
Trail. He created an 1849-style covered wagon with two oxen named Dave
and Dandy and set out on a cross-country trek to publicize the trail
and the pioneers who traversed it, thousands of whom lie buried along
Ezra raised funds by charging 10 cents for adults and five cents
for children to view his rig but was soon a hero in cities and towns
before his arrival. He entered New York City after seeking a permit to
drive the length of Fifth Avenue, leaving rig and driver at 161st
Street to seek a camp site. His driver was promptly arrested for
driving cattle on a city street. This situation took 30 days to work
out, but at last the pioneer drove his wagon the length of Broadway,
crossed Brooklyn Bridge and left New York behind.
Meeker met President Theodore Roosevelt, but failed to land the
$50,000 grant for memorials along the trail. His oxen were
subsequently mounted by a taxidermist and are on display with his
wagon at the Washington State History in Tacoma. He made another
ox-trek in 1910 and in 1916 drove an 80-horsepower automobile
outfitted with a prairie schooner top the length of the trail.
In 1924, Meeker flew in an open cockpit Army airplane from
Vancouver, Wash., to Dayton, Ohio, where he visited Orville Wright. At
the time of his death, Meeker was about to embark on yet another
drive, sponsored by auto magnate Henry Ford.
David T. Alexander, a longtime numismatic researcher, is a
researcher/cataloger for Stack’s Bowers Galleries.