Palladium doesn’t seem to get much respect.
While the metal is one of four precious metals regularly traded on
the commodities markets, bullion and commemorative coin and bars
struck in palladium for investment and collector purposes are nowhere
near as available as are bullion products made of gold, platinum and silver.
Discovered in 1802 by English chemist and physicist William Hyde Wollaston while employing a process
to purify platinum, palladium was sparingly used in the world's
coinage until the 1980s with the introduction of Russian Ballerina
bullion coins in various sizes.
Palladium is useful in a number of industrial applications,
primarily as an autocatalyst, in electronics and in dentistry.
Some success was enjoyed with the production of the Russian
Ballerina palladium bullion coins, albeit in somewhat limited numbers.
The Royal Canadian Mint introduced its Maple Leaf .9995 fine palladium
bullion coins in 2005 and continued production through 2011. A number
of other countries have issued Proof commemorative coins in palladium,
and privately issued rounds and bars of various sizes and weights are available.
Still, the availability of bullion products made of gold, platinum
and silver far outstrips the availability of palladium bullion pieces,
and it is the only one of the four precious metals not appearing in a
product from the United States Mint.
The Mint has authority to issue a palladium bullion coin. Provisions
of the American Eagle Palladium Bullion Coin Act of 2010, Public Law 111-303, allowed for the issuance of
a palladium bullion coin by the U.S. Mint.
A U.S. palladium bullion coin has never materialized, however, since
a marketing study authorized under the act
determined such a coin would be unprofitable.
Although palladium is considered rarer than platinum, gold and silver, it doesn't
enjoy the associated value differential because of that rarity.
The London PM closing prices Oct. 15 for the four precious metals
were: platinum, $1,257 per troy ounce; palladium, $787 per ounce;
gold, $1,237.50 an ounce; and silver, $17.01 per ounce.
Collectors and investors interested in palladium issues can find
palladium options from a number of numismatic retailers, including
online vendors such as APMEX and Northwest Territorial Mint, as well as on eBay.