An expert on coin hoards found in Britain will present his findings
to an American audience during a lecture at the American Numismatic
Society, 75 Varick St., in New York City on April 23.
Roger Bland, head of Portable Antiquities and Treasure at the
British Museum, will talk about “Coin hoards and hoarding in Britain,”
exploring whether the hoards were buried with the intention of
recovery or buried as votive deposits (buried without expectation of
recovery at a sacred place for broadly religious purposes).
Bland is formerly a curator in the Department of Coins and Medals
at the British Museum and served also in the Department for Culture,
Media and Sport for seven years. He is now responsible for the
Portable Antiquities Scheme, a project to record all archaeological
objects found by the public in England and Wales, and for the museum’s
operation of the Treasure Act.
Recent spectacular discoveries of hoards from England such as the
hoard of 52,503 Roman coins from Frome or the Staffordshire hoard of
Anglo-Saxon gold and silver reported under the Treasure Act have
raised the question why these were buried in the ground. Experts have
generally assumed that hoards such as these were buried in times of
trouble by people who intended to recover them later, leaning on a
documented case such as Samuel Pepys’ account of how he gave his
wealth to his wife to bury in their country house when Dutch ships
were threatening London in 1667.
But the archaeological recovery of the Frome hoard has changed
opinion, so that experts now believe that whoever put it in the ground
did not intend to recover it, suggesting other reasons such as votive
deposition (which is the case with earlier metalwork hoards) or
Before the Treasure Act of 1996 it was difficult to debate these
issues, because under the old law, hoards were only deemed to be
Treasure Trove if they were buried with the intention of recovery and
the suggestion that they might be votive would mean that they would
not be Treasure Trove and so offered to a museum. Bland’s lecture will
consider these questions with a focus on Britain to see if practices
from one period can inform another.
A reception begins at 5:30 p.m. with the lecture following at 6 p.m.
Registration is required to attend; for more information telephone
the ANS at 212-571-4470, Ext. 117, or email it at email@example.com. ■